In , the anti-Fascist activists Ernesto Rossi and Altiero Spinelli, placed under house arrest on the Italian island of Ventotene, draw up a manifesto for a free. Download, Total Views, Stock, ∞. File Size, KB. File Type, pdf. Create Date, Wednesday December 7th, Last Updated. Among the activities promoted by the Committee, there was the translation of the Ventotene Manifesto in all EU languages (missing so the.
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It is, therefore, fairly easy to channel them and their more shortsighted leaders towards the reconstruction of the States destroyed in the storm. Most probably, the British leaders, perhaps in agreement with the Americans, will try to push things in this direction, in order to restore balance-of-power politics, in the apparent immediate interests of their empires. Women are considered merely as producers of soldiers and are rewarded with the same criteria as venotene cattle.
The Ventotene Manifesto – English
Among the various proletarian tendencies, followers of class politics and collectivist ideals, the Communists have recognized the difficulty of obtaining a sufficient following to assure victory so that, unlike the other popular parties, they have turned themselves ventotee a rigidly disciplined movement, exploiting the Russian myth in order to organize the workers, but which does not accept orders from them and uses them in all kinds of political manoeuvrings.
Subsequently, in fact, totalitarian regimes consolidated the position of the various social categories at the levels they had gradually achieved.
Their crowning dream is a constituent assembly, elected by the broadest suffrage, which scrupulously respects the rights of the electors, who must decide upon the constitution they want. The principle whereby the class struggle is the condition to which all political problems are reduced, has become the fundamental guideline of factory workers in particular, and gave consistency to their politics for as long as the fundamental vventotene were not questioned.
It was presented not as an ideal, but as the best option for Europe’s postwar condition. The Ventotene Manifesto — Dutch 1.
In this way, no-one will be forced any longer to accept enslaving work contracts because of their poverty. As a consequence of this, from being the guardian of citizens’ freedom, the State has been turned into a master of vassals bound into servitude, and has all the powers it needs to achieve the maximum war-efficiency. This edition is based on the edition which Spinelli stated was “the authentic and precise text”.
Sitemap Contact Jobs Privacy Search. Feelings today are already far more disposed than they were in the past to accept a federal reorganization of Europe. This process should have been the synthesis of the freely expressed and changing economic and ideological needs of all social classes.
In each branch of study leading to training in different crafts and the various liberal and scientific professions, State schools should train the number of students which corresponds to the market requirements, so that average salaries will be roughly equal for all the professional categories, regardless of the differing rates of remuneration within each category according to individual skills.
Individual freedom is reduced to nothing since everyone is part of the military establishment and constantly called on to serve in the armed forces.
This policy attracts no class other than the workers, who thus deprive the other progressive forces of their support, or alternatively leaves them at the mercy of the reaction which manifrsto organizes them so as to break up the proletarian movement.
The Ventotene Manifesto — Slovenian Germany’s defeat would not automatically lead to the reorganization of Europe in accordance with our ideal of civilization. The courageous fighting spirit of Great Britain, even at that most critical moment when it was left to face the enemy alone, had the effect that the Germans came up against the brave resistance of the Russian Army, and gave America the time it needed to mobilize its ventotend productive resources.
This attitude makes the Communists, during revolutionary crises, more efficient than the democrats. Since it will be the moment for new action, it will also be the moment for new men: The colossal fortunes of a very few people have been preserved, as has manifestl poverty of the masses, excluded from the enjoyment of manifewto fruits of modern culture.
The Ventotene Manifesto – English – Istituto di Studi Federalisti Altiero Spinelli
The revolutionary party, on the contrary, knows that only at this stage will it its real work begin. Private property must be abolished, limited, corrected, or extended according to the circumstances and not according to any dogmatic principle.
Bit by bit other social groups will gradually be drawn into the general movement. Completed in Junethe Manifesto was circulated within the Italian Resistanceand it soon became the programme of the Movimento Federalista Europeo.
Reform of society A free and united Europe is the necessary premise to the strengthening of modern civilization as regards which the ventofene era is only a temporary setback.
Its victory would mean the definitive consolidation of totalitarianism in the world. They do not want to force the hand of “history”, or “the people”, or “the proletariat”, or whatever other name they give their God.
All the old conservative institutions that have hindered this process will either have collapsed or will be teetering on the verge of collapse. The pitiful impotence of democrats in the Russian, German, Spanish revolutions are the three ,anifesto recent examples.
All the reactionary forces can feel the house is creaking around them and are now trying to save their skins: These tendencies have countless shades and nuances, stretching from very conservative liberalism to socialism and anarchy. Because if the movement is made up of intellectuals alone, manofesto will lack the strength to crush reactionary resistance, and it will distrust and be distrusted by the working class and even though inspired by democratic sentiment, when faced with difficulties it will be liable to shift its position, as regard the mobilisation of other classes, against the workers, and thus restoring Fascism.
At the same time, the tracks ventotfne these forces towards objectives of greatest benefit for all society must be strengthened and perfected. To all of this must be added the disappearance of some of the most important dynasties, and the fragility of the basis which sustains the ones that survive.
Wednesday December 7th, Monday January ventotne, admin manifesto di ventoteneventotene manifesto. But while Hitler’s Germany has managed to chop down the smaller States one by manifewto, this has forced increasingly powerful forces to join battle.
The Ventotene Manifesto — German 1. Taxes on unearned income and inheritances, higher taxes levied on larger incomes, tax exemptions for low incomes and essential goods, free public schooling, greater social security spending, land reforms, inspection of factories and manufacturing plants were all achievements that threatened the privileged classes in their well-fortified citadels.
The traditional arrogance and intransigence of the German military classes can give us an idea of the nature of their dominance after victory in war. II – Post-war tasks. The Manifesto called for a federation of Europe and the world. Schools, science, production, administrative bodies are mainly maifesto towards increasing military strength.