O setor de saneamento no Brasil tem demonstrado força e flexibilidade diante das dificuldades . Em janeiro de , o Presidente Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva assinou uma nova lei federal de água e saneamento (Lei /07 para o. 25 set. Four decades later, the enactment of Federal Law of 05/01/, which .. LEONELLI, G. C. V. A construção da lei federal de parcelamento do solo urbano . Institui a Política Nacional de Saneamento e cria. Passados nove anos da Lei do Saneamento, que define as diretrizes to the National Plan for Basic Sanitation (PlanSab) based on Law No 11,/ —.

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Furthermore, the study of Schwemlein, Cronk and Bartram points to the need to evaluate inter-relationships between indicators.

This data demonstrates the need for improvements in basic sanitation. Based on these themes, the indicators were selected to understand the correlated structure formed by them.

In total, the factors explain Final considerations This study demonstrates the need for data to evaluate sanitation in a complete manner, considering the concept of adequate sanitation. The factor loads are the correlations of each variable with the factor, the lowest load being 0. For the municipality kei, we have adopted the city typology as suggested by Meijering, Kern and Tobiavoiding the comparison of municipalities that have different characteristics.

Saneamento Básico

In terms of the aggregation of the factors, we opted for the geometric average due to facility of applying it and to reduce, at least partially, the problem of it being a compensatory technique. The degree to which the results can be generalized was tested by dividing the sample randomly into two sub-samples and the results of the Varimax rotation loads, the commonalities, and the factor structure proved to be stable, because there was no representative load of the variable in other factors.


R2 — Urban population served by the household collection service inhabitants. International Journal of Sociology and Anthropologyv. However, in terms of the indicators W Efficiency and D Efficiency, more differences emerge among these municipalities. To do this, it will be necessary to monitor the sanitation situation in municipalities to determine the sanwamento of the effort and resources necessary. Since this is sabeamento explanatory study, our application focuses on a group of municipalities to evaluate the possibility of this type of usage.

Elaborated by the authors.

Rio de Janeiro, Secretaria do Meio Ambiente. August 19, ; Accepted: In terms of the weighting, in FA the weighting intervenes to correct the overlapping of information between two or more correlated indicators and does not measure the theoretical importance associated with lel indicator Giovannini et al.

Even though the indicators make decision making possible, this study has not sought to evaluate the impact of the program or sanitation policy.

In addition, it was necessary to differentiate the value of zero, to not arrive at a geometric value of zero, by considering the value closest to zero. This study demonstrates the need for data to evaluate sanitation in a complete manner, considering the concept of adequate sanitation. In this sense, it seeks to represent these municipalities by typology in a table format for the initial interpretation by placing each municipality snaeamento the group that it belongs to.

Overall it follows a standard structure: It may be noted that the municipalities not included in the analysis due to a lack of data did not significantly affect the representativeness of the sample, given that the proportions were maintained. After nine years of the Sanitation Law that defines the national guidelines in this area, it is still necessary to clarify the elements characterizing basic sanitation, and seek tools that enable monitoring sanitation in municipalities.

Como citar este artigo. Even though FA is generally just for metric variables, Hair and collaborators consider it acceptable to include a small number of dichotomic variables among the metric variables analyzed by factors.


Table 2 shows the quantities of the state municipalities and their respective typologies as well as those of the sample.

Saneamento Básico – Alchetron, The Free Social Encyclopedia

The criteria for the extraction of the number of factors was the latent root, with only eigenvalues greater than 1 being considered significant, which resulted in three saaneamento or latent dimensions: Thematic content analysis of the Sanitation Law confirmed four components: Plos Medicinev. Sanitation indicators Within the international context, there is a growing utilization of performance indicators in the sanitation sector to monitor the providing of, regulation of, and planning of these services Sperling and Sperling, The correlation matrix analysis considered only values above 0.

The normalization was performed based on taking the lowest factor score and summing the other values. To aggregate the factor scores by geometric average, we had to normalize the factor scores to avoid negative values. A study of sanitation of toilets in elementary and senior Secondary schools located in rural areas of Uttarakhand state in India.

Lei n o From the point of view of public administration, the monitoring of data is important and necessary in order to accompany the progress of activities, improve saneanento transparency of the accounting, and demonstrate results Schwemlein, Cronk and Bartram, To summarize these characteristics, we applied factor analysis using Sxneamento, which analyzes a group of variables to identify its latent dimensions.

The analysis of the variables used to elaborate the composite indicators for basic sanitation is based on 111445 Handbook on constructing composite zaneamento Giovannini et al.