Phylum: Annelida. Class: Polychaeta Grube, Groups included. Palpata · Scolecida · Cladistically included but traditionally excluded taxa. Chaetopteridae. The Polychaeta /ˌpɒlɪˈkiːtə/, also known as the bristle worms or polychaetes, are a. Annelida. Class: Clitellata. Order: Oligochaeta. Family: Naididae. Subfamily: Tubificinae. Genus: Tubifex. Lamarck, Tubifexjpg. Tubifex is a cosmopolitan genus of tubificid annelids that inhabits the sediments of lakes, rivers. PENGERTIAN KLASIFIKASI ANNELIDA 1. Polychaeta Polychaeta (dalam bahasa yunani, poly = banyak, chaetae = rambut kaku) merupakan.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tubifex. Taxonomically, polychaetes are thought to be paraphyletic[18] meaning the group excludes some descendants of its most recent common ancestor. Additional oblique muscles move the parapodia.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The new rear half, responsible for breeding, is known as the epitoke. A few species have no snnelida form, with the egg hatching into a form resembling the adult, and in many that do have larvae, the trochophore never feeds, surviving off the yolk that remains from the xnnelida.


This risk can be partially solved by keeping the worms under brisk running water until they have voided the contents of their digestive systems. The mouth of polychaetes is located on the peristomiumthe segment behind the prostomiumand varies in form depending on their diets, since the group includes predators, herbivores, filter feeders, scavengers, and parasites. Most are now commercially obtained from the effluent of fish hatcheries, or from professional worm farms. Wiwaxialong interpreted as an annelid, [12] is now considered to represent a mollusc.

Articles needing additional references from November All articles needing additional references Articles with ‘species’ microformats All articles ilasifikasi unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from November Commons category link from Wikidata. Each segment bears a pair of paddle-like and highly vascularized parapodiawhich are used for movement and, in many species, act as the worm’s primary respiratory surfaces.


Fish fed on them can grow rapidly, but may be less healthy and klasifiksi than fish with more balanced diets. The most common of these is haemoglobinbut some groups have haemerythrin or the green-coloured chlorocruorininstead.

klasifikasi annelida

In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. They can sometimes be brightly coloured, and may be iridescent or even luminescent. Some polychaetes exhibit remarkable reproductive strategies. Some have even evolved cutaneous invaginations for aerial gas exchange. Blood flows forward in the dorsal vessel, above the gut, and returns down the body in the ventral vessel, beneath the gut. This page was last edited on 15 Decemberat Normally, these have a deep red sheen, warning off predators, but when the light shines on them perpendicularly, they flush green and blue, a “remarkable example of photonic engineering by a living organism”.

Tubifex Lamarck World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved from ” https: More than 10, species are described in this class. These latter appear to be chemoreceptorsand help the worm to seek out food.

annelida by Wynona Raissa on Prezi

Polychaetes as a class are robust and widespread, with species that live in the coldest ocean temperatures of the abyssal plainto forms which tolerate the extremely high temperatures near hydrothermal vents. Older classifications recognize many more sub orders than the layout presented here.

The fertilized eggs typically hatch into trochophore larvae, which float among the planktonand eventually metamorphose into the adult form by adding segments.

klasifjkasi Retrieved April 26, The spines, or setae[2] on the scaled back of the sea mouse are one of its unique features. Most burrow or build tubes in the sediment, and some live as commensals.

Oligochaeta, Tubificidae with a preliminary reappraisal of the genus”. The head also includes a pair of antennaetentacle-like palpsand a pair of pits lined with ciliaknown as “nuchal organs”.

List of Annelid families. In a few cases, however, muscular pumps analogous to a heart are found in various parts of the system. These are typically fairly simple structures, capable of distinguishing only light and dark, although some species have large eyes with lenses that may be capable of more sophisticated vision.


Unsourced material may be challenged and klaaifikasi. This structural coloration is a defense mechanismgiving a warning signal to potential predators.

This is because, when viewed ventrally, the animal resembles a human female’s genitalia. Underneath this, in order, are a anneloda layer of connective tissue, a layer of circular muscle, a layer of longitudinal muscle, annelid a peritoneum surrounding the body cavity. The brain is relatively large, compared with that of other annelids, and lies in the upper part of the head.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved 24 December The mobile forms Errantia tend to have well-developed sense organs and jaws, while the stationary forms Sedentaria lack them, but may have specialized gills or tentacles used for respiration and deposit or filter feeding, e.

This page was last edited on 9 Decemberat Linnaeus[1]. Additionally, they are very difficult for some fish to obtain in the wild, so certain fish, such as Rift Valley cichlids, will obsessively consume them until they make themselves sick. Additionally, while the worms have good-quality proteins, they also are very fattening, and are poor in certain important amino acids. The body also contains greenish “chloragogen” tissue, similar to that found in oligochaeteswhich appears to function in metabolism, klasifikasu a similar fashion to that of the vertebrate liver.

The blood vessels themselves are contractile, helping to push the blood along, so most species have no need of a heart.

When harvested from sewers, open bodies of water, and even from hatcheries, they may be infected with various diseases.