The Ikhwân al-Safâ’ or “Brethren of Purity”, as their name is commonly translated, are the authors of one of the most complete Medieval. The Ikhwan al-Safa’ (Brethren of Purity) were the anonymous adepts of a tenth- century esoteric fraternity of lettered urbanites that was principally based in Basra . The philosophy of the group of Arab philosophers of the fourth or fifth century ah ( tenth or eleventh century ad) known as the Ikhwan al-Safa’ (Brethren of Purity).

Author: Zulucage Zulkirisar
Country: Norway
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Medical
Published (Last): 16 November 2008
Pages: 359
PDF File Size: 10.13 Mb
ePub File Size: 1.35 Mb
ISBN: 477-6-26582-850-7
Downloads: 58678
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Maull

This is because the Brethren revere the Platonic hero rather more than they revere purely Platonic philosophy. Diwald12—15 has even wondered whether there were in fact several authors of the encyclopedia because of the use at times of the first person singular. See also Renaissance philosophy. An Anthology of Philosophy in Persia. Besides the fifty-odd epistles, there exists what claims to be overarching summary of the work, which is not counted in the 52, called “The Summary” al-Risalat al-Jami’a which exists in two versions.

It is very important that the relatives of a leading personality should follow his doctrines and adopt his views, otherwise his friends would lose their enthusiasm for him.

Various cultural elements come together in the Epistles: He has no partner and no peer. An Introduction to the Thought of the Brethren of Purity. With him also fell his lkhwan and Iblisso that the struggle may continue ikhwqn be decided openly, and in a fair manner.

A science which does not lead to happiness in the hereafter is useless.

Just like philosophy, as a way towards salvation, is an imitation of Ad and implies that the disciple is provided not only of an acute mind, but also of a pure heart through which God will be recognized as the sole and the supreme teacher in knowledge and deeds, as the Holy Book demonstrates, cf. They held that the soul was ‘potentially knowledgeable’ and, with instruction, could become ‘actually knowledgeable’.


Chapter 15: Ikhwan al-Safa

All the numbers originate from the one: And so, an arrow in any given moment of its flight must be at rest in some particular point. All subsequent emanations tend to be more and more material and defective.

Its aim is to demonstrate the existence of a Sfaa who created the world and who will bring it to an end. The magpie eclecticism ikwan which they surveyed and utilized elements from the philosophies of Pythagoras, Plato, Aristotle and Plotinus, and religions such as Christianity, Judaism and Hinduism, was not an early attempt at ecumenism or interfaith dialogue. This leads us to Being and Emanation, the coming of the universe into existence, or its creation.

Ikhwan Al-Safa |

Bibliography Aristotle, Introduction to Aristotle Selectionsed. Their source is here Plato or, rather, his Hellenistic reading Kraus99, note 4. Metaphysics If metaphysics did not include theology, it would have interested them very little. How to cite this entry. In the early stage, the angels contemplated the Intellect and performed the worship due to God. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.

A rigid hierarchy of universe links each level of existence, physical and spiritual, to that which precedes and that which follows it where the beings that belong to the various levels cannot go beyond them. He continues to do so until his death. It evolves into an ape.


Compare the similar division of the Encyclopedia into four sections and the Jabirite symbolism of 4. For example, the last of the epistles grouped under the heading ‘theological sciences’ deals with magic and related subjects. Similarly, the Ikhwan adopted a fourfold terminology of causes – material, formal, efficient and final – but the shades of astrology and Neoplatonism hang heavily over at least two of the examples of these four causes which they provide.

Encyclopedia of the Brethren of Purity – Wikipedia

At times he overshot himself and disclosed a part of the secret saga him to some of those who were around him but were unworthy of this secret before the time assigned for such disclosure.

I wish to quote here a few paragraphs in order to give an idea of the manner of their parables, thus bringing my book to an end.

Then is born the lowest of animals. Since the motions of these spheres have regularity and ratios to one another, their sounds must have tunes which are of highest perfection and harmony. God created all the forms of subsequent beings in the Intellect, from which emanated the Universal soul and the first matter. Scholars have seen Ismaili [23] and Sufi influences in the religious content, ikhean Mu’tazilite acceptance of reasoning in the work.