Idiopathic osteosclerosis (IO) is known as the region of enlarged bone production in the jaw, and its shape could be round, elliptical, or irregular in shape.[1,2,3]. The evaluation of idiopathic osteosclerosis on panoramic radiographs with an investigation of lesion’s relationship with mandibular canal by. ABSTRACT. Idiopathic osteosclerosis (IO) is described as a localized no expansible radiopacity with unknown etiology. The IO is generally asymptomatic and.

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They are irregular and oateosclerosis radiopaque areas which continue naturally with the surrounding trabeculae without any line or radiolucent halo in outline or limit. Int J Oral Surg ;7: Review of the literature The literature review found 20 studies osteosclerosiss – 35 – 21 published between andas displayed in Table 2.

Lesion shape as seen in cropped panoramic radiographs. No evidence of displacement of the inferior alveolar canal, maxillary sinus floor or idioopathic teeth to the lesion, suggesting an expansive lesion 2 ; 8. Some researchers reported a female predilection for the incidence of IO 5 while others showed no significant difference in prevalence between males and females as in our study. Avicenna J Dent Res.

With intense or concentrated forces tooth movement does not occur.

The Frequency and Distribution of Idiopathic Osteosclerosis of the Jaw

On the other hand, Eliasson et al. Statistical analysis For each patient, demographic data was recorded in order to investigate the relationship between the findings and age, gender, and localization.

A rare complication of idiopathic osteosclerosis. The authors declare they have no conflict of interest. For IO lesions, the most involved tooth was second premolar Footnotes The authors declare they have no conflict of interest. Lesion characteristics Click here to view. Additionally, cross-sectional CBCT images of 30 patients with IO were examined in terms of relationship with mandibular canal.


IOs are likely to undergo changes in a young population, showing potential to expand over time From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The lesions can arise at any age, at any location, and with no sex predilection, and IO usually requires no treatment other than diagnosis by recognition.

Gigantic dense bone island of the jaw. Incidence of osteosclerotic areas in the mandible and maxilla. When remnants of deciduous or permanent teeth were clearly identifiable and excluded from the diagnosis 8. As for gender, 28 cases were observed among females A comparative study of the prevalence of mandibular osteosclerosis in patients of Asiatic and Caucasian origin.

But, the lesions did not display any clear link to inflammation, well determined, and were not ruled out by the cases listed above were recognized as IO.

The Frequency and Distribution of Idiopathic Osteosclerosis of the Jaw

Totally panoramic radiographies were randomly selected from patients referred to Radiology Department of Otseosclerosis of Dentistry, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences. Longitudinal study and analysis of clinical supervision of maxillary canine eruption. Bening Tumors of the Jaws. The frequency of both radiopaque was more common in mandibular that is consistent with previous studies.

Financial support and sponsorship Nil. Although these bone alterations have several synonyms, such as bone sclerosis 14dense bone island 371517bone scar, focal periapical osteopetrosis, or enostosis [7], IO is often preferred because of their unknown origin 1256810 – 1218 – Dental relationships of idiopathic osteosclerotic lesions according to classifi cation of Geist et al. Conclusion Incidence of IO in the Brazilian sample was 5.

National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. To investigate the association between palatally impacted maxillary canines PIC and idiopathic osteosclerosis. Idiopathic osteosclerosis, Mandible, Maxilla, Panoramic radiograph. The radiopaque lesions occurred in different locations, with significantly higher incidence in the mandible. The following radiopacities were specially omitted: Results Twenty-two foci of IO were identified in 20 out of the patients—around 5.


Services on Demand Journal. Cross-sectional study of the radiographic appearance of radiopaque lesions of the jawbones in a sample of Greek dental patients. If the sclerotic area was confined between the roots and not interrelated with the adjacent teeths’ lamina dura.

Could idiopathic osteosclerosis have correlations with palatally impacted maxillary canines?

Int J Paediatr Dent. The frequency and distribution of idiopathic osteosclerosis of the jaws. Any force applied to teeth in dense areas, directly affect the periodontal ligament. The bone in an Idiopathic Osteosclerosis has structure and normal function, the difference is in the higher trabecular density.

Halse and Molven, [18].

The review of the literature was limited to studies published in English-language and was carried in the Medline and Lilacs databases, using the terms idiopathic osteosclerosis OR bone sclerosis OR dense bone island AND jaws. Since it osteowclerosis be considered anatomical variation of trabecular bone 15810no therapy is recommended, only radiographic monitoring 78. IOs, on the other hand, are developmental variations of normal bone unrelated to local stimuli 10 Table 2 Osteosclefosis distribution of idiopathic osteosclerosis and condensing osteitis lesions with respect to tooth and tooth relation.

IOs arrows in patients differing in age; A: Idiopathic osteosclerosis has no detectable cause-effect relationship, but may have been an earlier a Chronic Focal Sclerosing Osteitis, idiolathic cause has been eliminated, such as a chronic periapical lesion, periodontal disease, pericoronaritis and occlusal trauma.

The results were evaluated by SPSS