Buddhist liturgy is a formalized service of veneration and worship performed within a Buddhist The concept of gongyō is also common in Japanese Pure Land Buddhist schools such as Jodo Shu and Jodo Shinshu. . SGI-USA. p. vi. ISBN ^ Nichiren-Shu Service Book: Dharma, Nichiren. Soka Gakkai International (SGI) members put into practice the teachings of In Nichiren Buddhism, gongyo means to recite part of the Expedient Means (2nd). For a full explanation of the meaning of the passages we recite in gongyo, it is worth reading SGI President Daisaku Ikeda’s lectures in the book The Heart of the.
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The number of recitations depends on which silent prayer is to be offered. Some, like Nichiren Shoshu and Nichiren Shu has a prescribed formula which is longheld in their practice use, while others such as Soka Gakkai International variedly changes their Gongyo formats depending on modernity, the most recent being the edition of their liturgy format. August Learn how and when to remove this template message.
Archived from the original on February 5, In traditional Ssgi Shinshu Buddhism, lay practitioners may also chant a hymn written by Shinran called the Shoshingewhich is not a sutra per sebut expounds the lineage with which Jodo Shinshu owes its beliefs. Members of Nichiren Shoshu may only use Juzu prayer beads with pure white cords and white Pom-Pom ornaments, while Nichiren Shoshu priests use an additional set of Juzu prayer beads with white string tassels which they use towards Kito and Lotus Sutra blessings.
In the 70s, silent prayers were added for the success of the Soka Gakkai itself, and in memory of its first two deceased presidents. The Buddhist LiturgyTaiwan: Though in principle Nichiren Shoshu clergy and lay practitioners alike perform gongyo following the three-prayer—five-prayer format passed down through the ages at Head Temple Taisekiji, sometimes gojgyo under schedule pressure perform shorter variations while increasing the amount of daimoku they offer. Buddhist liturgy is a formalized service of veneration and worship performed within a Buddhist Sangha community in nearly every traditional denomination and sect in the Buddhist world.
Variations on this basic gongyo format, consisting of different combinations of the Expedient Means Chapter and parts of the Life Span of the Tathagata Chapter, are also offered on certain occasions, such as at mid-day meetings, before gontyo daimoku for extended periods, and at funerals and celebrations.
Offering the sutra entails reciting the Expedient Means second and the Life Span of the Tathagata sixteenth chapters of the Lotus Sutra ; the silent prayers are shi formal meditations expressing gratitude for the Three Treasures as defined in Nichiren Shoshuand the merit accrued through Buddhist practices. By the 90s, prayers of appreciation for the priesthood were abandoned.
Nichiren Shu has many types of gongyo a person can perform. Ushitora Gongyo takes place in the Grand Reception Hall of Head Temple Taisekiji and follows the format of the five-prayer morning gongyo service. University of California Press. The sutra recitation now takes only about 5 minutes, leaving more time for the primary practice of chanting Nam-myoho-renge-kyo .
The liturgy mainly consists of chanting or gsi a sutra or passages from a sutra, a mantra especially in Vajrayanaand gonguo gathas. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. This is because chanting as much daimoku as possible is the main practice of the Nichiren Shoshu faithful, whereas the sutra recitations are an auxiliary practice.
The traditional Chinese Buddhist liturgy for morning chanting simplified Chinese: It is often done one or more times a day and can vary amongst the TheravadaMahayanaand Vajrayana sects. The most important gongyo service in Nichiren Shoshu is the Ushitora Gongyo performed daily by the high priest or his proxy when he is unable to officiate. Views Read Edit View history. Retrieved from ” https: All three terms are common Japanese words and none is specific to any particular sect or school.
The word Gongyo originated in ancient China; although nowadays it is more often used in Buddhism, it first appeared in the Taoism classic Zhuang Zi. The Heart of the Lotus Sutra. Furthermore, when extreme circumstances prevent someone from performing gongyo according to established convention, it is considered by Nichiren Shoshu members to do a shortened version and chant lots of daimoku sti to lose daily contact with the Gohonzon. The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject.
At the time the Soka Gakkai came into being, Nichiren Shoshu laity were not expected to do gongyo themselves; priests did it on their behalf. You may improve this articlediscuss the issue on the talk pageor create a new articleas appropriate.
Note that the number of or the length of time daimoku is chanted between the final sutra recitation and silent prayer, is discretionary. The passage from the hour of the ox to the hour of the tiger therefore symbolizes the transition from the unenlightened condition of a common mortal to the enlightened condition of gongyk Buddha, so the performance of gongyo at this hour serves as a reminder of the true purpose of Buddhist practice: Buddhist piety is a common sentiment found in Gongyo among Nichiren Shoshu members.
Buddhist liturgy – Wikipedia
The times for these services will vary depending on the individual branch, and individual temple. The gongyo of Shingon Buddhism differs amongst various sub-sects, but all of them mainly recite the Hannya Shingyothe mantras of the Thirteen Buddhas and other mantras, the Light Mantraand the gohogo ; the saintly name of Kukai. The significance of performing Ushitora Gongyo at this time of day derives from earlier Buddhist teachings that describe the hour of the ox as “the end of darkness” and the hour of the tiger as “the beginning of light,” and ones that describe all Buddhas as having attained enlightenment at this time.
Nichiren Buddhists perform a form of gongyo that consists of reciting certain passages of the Lotus Sutra and chanting daimoku. Nichiren Shoshu Basics of Practicepp. A shorter hymn called the Juniraithe Twelve Praises of Amidacan be used as well.
The current format has evolved over the years. It is emphasized by the Soka Gakkai, however, that more gongyi than the wording of the prayers is the practitioner’s heartfelt intent in doing gongyo and expressing his or her appreciation and desires .
A typical order for chanting at these services is: Check date values in: Part of a series on.
Chinese Buddhist philosophers borrowed this word from Taoism classics, and it spread to Korea, Japan, Vietnam with Buddhism. Depending on what practice the practitioner wishes to undertake, it can be done at a temple or at home.
Chinese philosopher Zhuangzi abstracted and modified this word from an earlier classic of Taoism – Laozi’s Tao Te Chingin which it states: The format of gongyo varies by denomination and sect. This article needs gongoy citations for verification.
Originally, it followed the format of Nichiren Shoshuu. It is the act of offering the sutra, daimoku the invocation Nam-myoho-renge-kyoand silent prayers to the Gohonzonthe object of veneration. Nichiren established no formal procedure for gongyo other than the recitation of the 2nd and 16th chapters of the Lotus Sutra, and at times even just the verse section of the 16th chapter.