“Gear” is another term for leverage, so geared beta is just the fully leveraged beta , whereas ungeared is what beta would be without leverage. Typically beta is. Learn about Ungearing & Regearing straight from the ACCA AFM (P4) Take this asset beta and regear it using our gearing ratio as follows. Unlevered Beta (Asset Beta) is the volatility of returns for a business, without considering its financial leverage. It only takes into account its assets. It compares .

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They are the last investors to be paid out of company profits.

This volatility can occur because of:. The fortunes of both firms are affected by the weather, but whilst A benefits from the sunshine, B loses out and vice versa for the rain. Betas for projects are found by taking the beta of a quoted company in the same business sector as the project. Firms must provide a return to compensate for the risk faced by investors, and even for a well-diversified investor, this systematic risk will have two causes:. When using this formula to de-gear a given equity beta, V e and V d should relate to the company or industry from which the equity beta has been taken.

This means that the asset beta formula can be simplified to:.

As such it can be viewed as part of a wider discussion looking at cost of capital. However, the above only considers the business ungeafed.

Unlevered Beta (Asset Beta) – Formula, Calculation, and Examples

Systematic risk will affect all companies in the same way although to varying degrees. The risk a shareholder faces is in large part due to the volatility ofthe company’s earnings.


An investor, knowing that a particular investment was risky, could decide to reduce the overall risk faced, by acquiring a second share with a different risk profile and so obtain a smoother ungeare return. In the diagram above, the investor has combined investment A for example shares in a company making sunglasses with investment B, perhaps shares in a company making raincoats. If needing a risk adjusted WACCthen the following steps need to be followed as well.

Re-gear the asset beta to convert it to an equity beta unggeared on the gearing levels of the company undertaking the project.

However an investor can reduce risk by diversifying to hold a portfolio of shareholdings, since shares in different industries will at least to some degree offer differing returns profiles over time.

ACCA AFM (P4) Notes: Ungearing & Regearing | aCOWtancy Textbook

If we want to assess the impact of any potential increase or decrease in risk on our estimate of the cost of finance, we must focus on the impact on the cost of equity. This is discussed in further detail here. No part of the content on this site may be reproduced, printed, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior written permission of Kaplan Publishing.

The returns on the shares of quoted companies can be compared to returns on the whole stock market e. The order of priority is:.

Ungearing & Regearing

geaed The diagram above is neta exaggeration, as it is unlikely that the returns of any two businesses would move in such opposing directions,but the principle of an investor diversifying a portfolio of holdings to reduce the risk faced is a good one. This may be given to you in the question. Remember that CAPM just gives you a risk-adjusted K eso once a company has found the relevant shareholders’ required return for the project it could combine it with the cost of debt to calculate a risk adjusted weighted average cost of capital.


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Different accountancy bodies use slightly different versions of the above equation. In particular the LHS is shown as follows:.

There are no items to show in this view. As their earnings also fluctuate, equity shareholders therefore face the greatest risk of all investors.

Unlevered Beta / Asset Beta

Initial diversification will bring about substantial risk reduction as additional investments are added to the portfolio. Equity shareholders are paid only after all other commitments have been met. Related Free Resources Kaplan Blog. Home Recent Changes WikiDiscussion. Non-systematic risk factors will impact each firm differently, depending on their circumstances.

Since ordinary shares are the most risky investments the company bfta, they are also the most expensive form of finance for the company.

Beta is found as the gradient of the regression line that results. The same pattern of payment also occurs on the winding up of a company. Turn on more accessible mode Skip to main content Turn off more accessible mode Kaplan Wiki.