Friedman, M., & Rosenman, R. H. (). Type A behavior and your heart. New York, NY Knopf. Health Risks Due to Personality Types: Friedman and Rosenman (). Aims: To research the link between personality factors, stress and Coronary Heart. Type A and Type B personality hypothesis describes two contrasting personality types. In this eight-and-a-half-year-long study of healthy men between the ages of 35 and 59, Friedman and Rosenman estimated that Type A behavior more.

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When there are a lot of questions there is a high probability of a false positive. Health psychology in action. Effects on health and the potential for successful behavioral approaches to prevention and treatment.

II is undesirable and is characterized by impatience, irritability, and anger. Having a “type A personality” has become shorthand for a certain sort of competitive or domineering person, but what does it really mean?

They push themselves with deadlines, and hate both delays and ambivalence. The two cardiologists who developed this theory came to believe that Type A personalities had a greater chance of developing coronary heart disease. A study was performed that tested the effect of psychosocial variables, in particular personality and stress, as risk factors for cancer and coronary heart disease CHD.

Type A and B personalities | Life and style | The Guardian

They strive toward goals without feeling a sense of joy in their efforts or accomplishments. Effects of periodic mental stress on serum cholesterol levels.

Legacy Tobacco Documents Library. Rosennan, there are a number of problems with the type A and B approach. Unlike most patients, who wait patiently, the cardiac patients seemed unable to sit in their seats for long and wore out the arms of the chairs.

The first of these symptoms is believed to be covert and therefore less observable, while the other two are more overt. The Type A personality types behavior makes them more prone to stress-related illnesses such as CHD, raised blood aand, etc. Rivalry between Type A individuals was shown by more aggressive behavior in their interactions, including initial antisocial responses, refusal to cooperate, verbal threats, and behavioral challenges.


Limitations of the original study comprise the inclusion of only middle-aged men and the lack znd information regarding the diets of those subjects. Personality patterns and life stress in ischemic cerebrovascular disease.

While Type A personality did not show a strong direct relationship between its attributes and the cause of coronary heart disease, other types of personalities have shown strong influences on both cancer-prone patients and those prone to coronary heart disease.

Ischemic heart diseases Personality typologies.

Personality – AS Psychology

A study conducted by the International Journal of Behavioral Medicine re-examined the association between the Type A concept with cardiovascular CVD and non-cardiovascular non-CVD mortality by using a long follow-up on average They subsequently conduced research to show that people with type A personality run a higher risk of heart disease and high blood pressure than type Bs. Personality and Individual Differences. European Journal of Public Health.

Type A measures were inconsistently associated with cardiovascular mortality, and most associations were non-significant. Abnormal metabolism of chylomicronous cholesterol. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality.

Type A and B Personality

This difference in the incidence of CHD between two groups was independent of lifestyle factors such as smoking and obesity that are known to increase the chances of heart disease.

Coronary-prone individuals type A behavior pattern. However, although its name implies a personality typology, it is more appropriately conceptualized as a trait continuum, with extremes Type-A and Type-B individuals on each end.

Journal of Applied Psychology. The data suggests that the Type 1 probands die mainly from cancer, type 2 from CHD, whereas Type 3 and especially Type 4 probands show a much lower death rate. This, rosennan turn, seems ajd induce an intracellular Mg loss. A follow-up experience of 4 and one-half years.

Type A and Type B personality theory

Plasma growth hormone after arginine infusion. Copyright and License information Disclaimer. The effects were not as dramatic as behavior roosenman, but still showed improvement in preventing death among cancer and CHD patients. Full text Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Adrenal response to excess corticotropin in coronary-prone men. This means such individual also display ‘pathological niceness,’ conflict avoidance, high social desirability, over compliance and patience.


Mental disorders arise from physical causes, and likewise, physical disorders arise from mental causes. Association of specific overt behavior pattern with blood and cardiovascular findings; blood cholesterol level, blood clotting time, incidence of arcus senilis, and clinical coronary artery disease.

Hypercompetitiveness was not related to actual academic achievement either, but personal development competitiveness was positively correlated. Characterised by fosenman pressure, competitive 1947 anger. As expected, hypercompetitiveness was not related to Achievement Strivings, but positively correlated with Impatience-Irritability. It has been statistically proven that behavior therapy can significantly reduce the likelihood of cancer or coronary friedmsn disease ane.

American Journal of Public Health. Bill ThorntonRichard M. Their results showed that Type B personalities had more severe issues with substance abuse than Type A personalities. When this behavior is expressed overtly i. This study showed that Type A personality students had a higher level of perceived stress as compared to Type B personality students. A longitudinal study carried out by Ragland and Brand found that as predicted by Friedman Type A men were more likely to suffer from coronary heart disease.

For example, eight years later of the participants had developed coronary heart disease. Other measures of therapy have been attempted, such as group therapy. They were followed up until the end of through linkage with the National Death Registry. The role of emotional expression”.