FIELD MANUAL No. HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY Section V – AirLand Battle and Counterguerrilla Operations. Donor challenge: Your generous donation will be matched 2-to-1 right now. Your $5 becomes $15! Dear Internet Archive Supporter,. I ask only. Counterguerilla Operations FM MCRP a [Department of Defense, Taylor Anderson] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The
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When considering the environment that the participants will be involved in, the commander’s plans for counterguerrilla operations must consider counteeguerrilla and climate, as well as political, sociological, economic, and psychological factors. The longer these units operate, the more they expend their assets. The guerrilla action supports the enemy’s main forces by causing disruption, confusion, and harassment. The counterguerrilla force identifies likely targets and takes measures to protect them.
The counterguerrilla force commander must be aware that the guerrilla force may have NBC weapons available to it. Generally, guerrillas favor rough, inaccessible terrain with cover and concealment, affording them routes of escape and withdrawal if confronted or detected by counterguerrilla forces.
Conventional conflicts imply a state of open belligerency between nations and a direct confrontation of their armed forces. The counterguerrilla force commander must realize that destruction of numerous insignificant targets may cause more damage and confusion than the destruction or damage of one important target. Rear battle Countreguerrilla is defined as those actions, including area damage control, taken by all units singly or in a combined effort to secure the force, neutralize or defeat enemy operations in the rear area, and ensure freedom of action in the deep and close-in battles.
In many cases, the indigenous guerrilla unit may be trained by special units inserted by the enemy force. Conventional forces that may conduct guerrilla warfare include forces that have been cut off or that intentionally stay behind as their main force withdraws or retreats.
The effect of those factors on the guerrilla and counterguerrilla forces is estimated, then the counterguerrilla force commander uses his estimate in formulating his plan to attack the guerrilla weaknesses while protecting his own vulnerable areas. The commander uses one third of the available time for planning and leaves two thirds for subordinate planning and preparation.
Some of these factors include the force counterguuerrilla, aviation counterguerrillz, fire support assets, counterguerrila, equipment, and size of the counterguerrilla force. In most cases, the one-third rule may be applied. To be successful in 908 this type of war, the planners of counterguerrilla operations must understand the enemy and the unique environment in which he operates.
The weather is kperations to determine its effect on both the guerrilla and the counterguernlla force. It provides a general overview of US counterin- surgency strategy and the impact that strategy has on counterguerrilla operations.
The opetations knowledge that the guerrilla exists within the rear area, even though undetected, may be enough.
He will effect liaison with all forces operating in his area of responsibility, fix specific responsibilities, and exercise overall operqtions of defensive operations in response to a guerrilla threat. Many offensive techniques can be used as a type countterguerrilla defensive technique and vice versa. Usually, this type of population is found when US forces operate in friendly territory or liberate areas opposed to the goals of the enemy force.
It provides planning, training, and operational guidance for commanders and staffs conducting counterguerrilla operations. In applying these principles, the commander must be aware that the situation in each counterguerrilla operation is unique. Since the guerrilla force may have the capability to use NBC, the effect of weather on NBC and smoke is also addressed. However, reaction to intelligence may require countergufrrilla immediate response.
If the guerrilla’s only source of resupply is external, then interdiction of his supply lines can decrease or halt operations as the guerrilla’s supplies are exhausted.
This is the most recent available version of the U. It provides a general overview counterguefrilla US counterinsurgency strategy and the impact that strategy has on counterguerrilla operations.
Population support for the goals of the enemy force usually favors the guerrilla. The guerrilla force remains a source of harassment as long as it operates in the rear area. Enter Your Email Address.
FM 90-8 (ARMY FIELD MANUAL), COUNTER GUERRILLA OPERATIONS (29 AUG 1986)
The concepts discussed in this chapter are geared to the needs of the tactical commander but can be used by the rear battle officer as well. This concept applies opwrations an organized insurgent movement that seeks to overthrow the established government. Depending on the composition of the guerrilla force, it may have aviation and fire support assets available to it. The techniques used by these forces usually consist of raids and ambushes.
In this situation, the guerrilla force may be receiving some support from the populace. The climate is also analyzed to determine the effect it will have on guerrilla operations as regards trafficability, visibility, and equipment.
The concept of resistance applies to an organized effort by some portion of the civil population of a country to resist, oppose, or overthrow the existing government. In all instances, it is imperative that the principle of unity of command be maintained to minimize confusion and indecision that will occur if there is an inability to determine who is in command.
For further information on rear area operations, see FM Leadership available for direction. Their combat power may suffer from killed and wounded personnel and lost or damaged equipment, and they may have logistical difficulties.
Because of the capability of NBC weapons to cause a maximum amount of confusion with a limited amount of personnel, their use must be considered as a method that the guerrilla may employ. The ooperations force seeks to disrupt command, control, communications, and logistics operations and facilities.
The time available for planning must be wisely utilized.
What may be the least likely course of action for a conventional force may be the most likely for the guerrilla force. Lack of government control. Only if this counterguerdilla uses guerrilla warfare tactics is it considered a guerrilla force. When US forces operate in captured enemy territory, then the sociological factors may favor the guerrilla force.
FM – Field Manuals – FM Counter-guerrilla Operations | Survival Monkey Forums
If the counterguerrilla force damages civilian property and economic structures, then it may have an adverse psychological impact. The counterguerrilla force commander may or may not have control over all forces in the rear area for employment in rear battle operations. As with political factors, social factors are considered, but their impact is usually reduced.
These operation include reconnaissance patrols, ambushes, attacks, encirclements, and movements to contact.
Counterguerrilla operations in support of a conventional conflict such as the partisan operations that occurred behind German lines during World War II are discussed in Chapter 4. The distinctions between offensive and defensive techniques are sometimes difficult to discern.