Fior di Battaglia: MS Ludwig XV 13 – J. Paul Getty Museum Fior di Battaglia: M. – Pierpoint Morgan Library Flos Duellatorum: Pisani-Dossi MS -Private. The Flower of Battle (Flos Duellatorum in Latin or Fior di Battaglia in Italian) XV 13; Morgan Library M; a copy privately held by the Pisani-Dossi family; and. Aug 16, Flos Duellatorum (“The Flower of Battle”, Pisani-Dossi MS) is an Italian fencing manual authored by Fiore de’i Liberi and dated 10 February

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Novati the original now lost is ,organ in Latin verse and often called the Flos Duellatorium in Armisor roughly “The Best of the Duelists. Despite the significant impact Fiore’s treatise has had on the modern reconstruction of historical fighting arts, in particular, armizare 1very little is known of the man who bore the name Fiore dei Liberi.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fiore dei Liberi. Medieval Italian Renaissance Latin. All rights are reserved. And even with a one handed sword I will do my art as it is after in these papers. Bythe manuscripts cease to be mentioned in the inventories.

Combined with other manuals and German Fecthbucher it provides a firm groundwork for understanding authentic fighting from the era skills. Without a doubt, the most vexing part of Fiore’s life were his later years, at the end of the 14 th century and the beginning of the 15 th century during the period of time of the composition of his treatise or treatises.

These are followed by a master called “Remedio” remedy who demonstrates a defensive technique against some basic attack usually how to use one of the listed guards to defendand then by his various Scholars or Studentsfigures wearing golden garters on their legs who demonstrate iterations and variations of this remedy.

Beyond this, nothing certain is known of Fiore’s activities in the 15th century.

Duellatoru, consisted of 58 folios bound in leather with a clasp, with a white eagle and two helmets on the first page. Yet both versions conveys a very similar concept and achieves the same instructional objective for this particular play.

For further information, including transcription and translation notes, see the discussion page. Flos Duellatorum — Manuale di arte del combattimento del XV secolo.


Getty – extracted from folio 20 depicts the same scenario and technique as found in the Morgan’s version. It also refers to a certain play of the sword in one hand which is likewise missing from that section. Despite the depth and complexity of his writings, Fiore dei Liberi does not seem to have been a very influential master in the development of Italian fencing.

DiplomatFencing masterMercenary. Of the three versions, the Getty’s offers the most detailed paragraphs accompanying the illustrations see illustration 3followed by the Morgan’s with a slightly abbreviated text. This is the briefest copy of Fiore’s work currently known, with only 19 folios; it has a prologue in Italian and four illustrated figures per page in the main body.

Fiore dei Liberi

This manuscript is typically referred to as the ‘Pierpont Morgan version’ or duellatotum the ‘Morgan’. Double-sided; four illustrations per page, with text above each. This commercial edition will clarify several key points, errors, duellatorjm mistranslations that exist in current modern Italian interpretations.

Fiore writes of his students and their feats of arms, with an obvious omission of Nicolo III from the list of his students. Random page Recent changes Browse categories Rules of the wiki Help.

All rights are reserved to that material as well. It is hoped that as we learn more about Fiore, through closer examination of the treatises and through research of secondary sources such as archived records and documents, armizare will once again re-acquire its original status as a complete and viable offensive and defensive fighting art system — a viable alternative to today’s popular Eastern systems. euellatorum

Journal of Western Martial Art

It can be argued that such a personal detail would hardly succumb to such an obvious error, and mmorgan, one can postulate that the Pisani-Dossi version was composed approximately 5 to 10 years after the completion of the Getty’s and Morgan’s versions, meaning the Getty’s dellatorum the Morgan’s versions were written sometime after the turn of the 14 th century. Journal of Western Martial Art. There are also many cases in which an image in one manuscript will only feature a scholar’s garter where the corresponding image in another also includes a master’s crown.

I accrease the foot that is forward a little out of the way and dueplatorum the left I pass to the side traverse.


After the scholars there is typically a master called “Contrario” counterwearing both crown and garter, who demonstrates how to counter the master’s remedy and those of his scholarswho is likewise sometimes followed by ruellatorum own scholars in garters. Sword in Morfan by Fiore de’i Liberi. It was fought on 24 June and attended by Gian Galeazzo ViscontiDuke of Milanas well as the duchess and other nobles.

And in that pass I cross beating the sword to you I find you revealed and of wounding you I will make certain. Mark Davidson, Rupert Carus and Alan Ethel Thanks is given to the various members of The Exiles who have assisted in the practical implementation and refinement of this project.

This master with a forked beard appears sporadically throughout both the Getty and Pisani Dossi mss. Of the two contemporary copies duellatorhm the original, one is preserved in the library of Marchese d’Este, the other is the property of Sig. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Flos Duellatorum

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. This is the longest and most comprehensive of the four manuscripts of Fior di Battaglia. Fior di Battaglia MS M. Fior di Battaglia [manuscript]. This project is a set of documents suellatorum transcriptions and translations based upon the original manuscript texts.

His work also includes dagger fighting, staff, stick, short sword, poleax and wrestling. Origins and Motivations “. Furthermore, the manuscript is composed of individual cut leaves rather than quires of bifolia, which means that there is no indicator of the original order of the surviving pages.

Fiore wrote that he started his composition on February 10, using the modern calendar and alludes to taking approximately six months to complete. It is the opinion of this author, which is shared mogran other researchers and practitioners of historical fencing, that the design of this manuscript may have served a similar purpose as mnemonics used to remember details of certain information or facts or concepts, e.