A new, public-domain translation of the Letter to Menoikos of Epicurus, including the original Greek text along with notes on the translation. Letter to Menoeceus By Epicurus. Translated by Robert Drew Hicks. Greeting. Let no one be slow to seek wisdom when he is young nor weary in the search. Letter to Menoeceus. EpicurllĀ«1 (TranAated by Brad Inwo(Jd and L. R Geraon). Let no one delay the study of philosophy while young nor weary of it when old.

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By pleasure we mean the absence of pain in the body and of trouble in the soul. It would be easy for him to do ho once he were firmly convinced.

We must also reflect that of desires some are natural, others are groundless; and that of the natural some are necessary as well as natural, and some natural only. And often we consider menowceus superior to pleasures when submission to the pains for a long time brings us as a consequence a greater pleasure. By licensing this translation under Creative Commons CC0I hereby release all legal and economic rights to this translation under all jurisdictions including but not limited to the rights to copy, republish, translate, arrange, modify, and make derivative works from this translationand I grant anyone the right to use this translation without conditions for any purpose.

Those things which without ceasing I have declared to you, those do, and exercise yourself in those, holding them to be the elements of right life.

Letter to Menoeceus

But if he is joking, it is a worthless remark to those who don’t accept it. So death, the most terrifying of evils, is nothing to us, because as long as we exist death is not present, whereas when death is present we do not exist. Arrighetti as published in Epicuro Opere Torino: Foolish, therefore, is the man who says that he fears death, not because it will pain when it comes, but because it pains in the prospect.

Then we discussed whether or not clothing was necessary.

Letter to Menoeceus / by Epicurus; translated by Robert Drew Hicks

Ed Zalta’s Version of Neo-Logicism: For this reason prudence is a more precious thing even than the other virtues, for ad a life of pleasure which is not also a life of prudence, honor, and justice; nor lead a life of prudence, honor, and justice, which is not also a epicirus of pleasure. Last updated Wednesday, December 17, at This web edition published by: First, believe that god is a blissful, immortal being, as is commonly held. Let no one be slow to seek wisdom when he is young nor weary in the search of it when he has grown old.


Epicurus in Ancient Greek and Roman Philosophy. Of those that are necessary, some are necessary for happiness, some for health, and some for life itself. For truly there are gods, and knowledge of them is evident; but they are not such as the multitude believe, seeing that people do not steadfastly maintain the notions they form respecting them. So the questions I brought to class follows: Rocco Pezzimenti – – Ler. We must remember that the future is neither wholly ours nor wholly not ours, so that neither must we count upon it as dpicurus certain to come nor despair of it as quite certain not to come.

Stephen Hetherington – – The Journal of Ethics 17 Daniel McLoughlin – – Angelaki 20 4: Instead, we pass up many pleasures when we will gain more of what we need from doing so.

It is not an unbroken succession of drinking-bouts and of revelry, not sexual lust, not the enjoyment of the fish and other delicacies of a luxurious table, which produce a pleasant life; it is sober reasoning, searching out the grounds of every choice and avoidance, and banishing those beliefs through which the greatest tumults take possession of the soul.

Not the man who denies the gods worshipped by the multitude, but he who affirms of the gods what the multitude believes about them is truly impious. Therefore, both old and young ought to seek wisdom, the former in order that, eplcurus age comes over him, he may be young in good things because of the grace of what has been, and the latter in order that, while menoeceuus is young, he may at the same time be old, because he has no fear of the things which are to come.

To habituate one’s self, therefore, to simple and inexpensive diet supplies all that is needful for health, and enables a man to meet the necessary requirements of life without shrinking, and it places us in a better condition ketter we approach at intervals a costly fare and renders us fearless of fortune.

While therefore all pleasure because it is naturally akin to us is good, not all pleasure is worthy of choice, just as all pain is an evil and yet not all pain is to be shunned. The wise man does not deprecate life nor does he fear the cessation of life.

The group started off with a simple answer: Death, therefore, the most awful of evils, oetter nothing to us, seeing that, when we are, death is not come, and, when death is come, we are not.


Only published works are available at libraries. And even as men choose of food not merely and simply the larger portion, but the more pleasant, so the meboeceus seek to enjoy the time which is most pleasant and not merely that which is longest.

And of the necessary desires some are necessary if we are to be happy, some if the body is to be rid of uneasiness, some if we are even to live.

dpicurus Science Logic and Mathematics. We must remember that the future is neither wholly ours nor wholly not ours, so that neither must we count upon it as quite certain to come nor despair of it as quite certain not to come. It is not impious to deny the gods that most people believe in, but to ascribe to the gods what most people believe.

Other translators understand it as applying to “most people” from the previous sentence, with the sense that most people assume that immortal beings so different from themselves must want to interfere in human affairs.

Letter to Menoikos

It is proper to make all these decisions through measuring things side by side and looking at both the advantages and disadvantages, for sometimes we treat lettre good thing as bad and a bad thing as good. Exercise yourself in these and related precepts day and night, both by yourself and with one who is like-minded; then never, either in waking or in dream, will you be disturbed, but will live as a god among men. Nor does he hold chance to be a god, as the world in general does, for in the acts of a god there is no disorder; nor to be a cause, though epixurus uncertain one, for he believes that no good or evil is dispensed by chance to men so as to make life blessed, though it supplies the starting-point of great good and great evil.

One group member brought up the idea of how addictions form. There is nothing terrifying in life to someone who truly understands that there is nothing terrifying in the absence of life. The thought of life is no offense to him, nor is the cessation of life regarded as an evil.