Una de las facetas más interesantes de la ENDUTIH está en la revisión que se hace del uso de telecomunicaciones a nivel estatal. Una nación. Ghana Living Standards Survey / Comisión Federal de Telecomunicaciones, Estimate to December based on ENDUTIH survey. Refers to total. National Survey on Availability and Use of ICT in Households, ENDUTIH. International Telecommunications Union (ITU) () ITU World.

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Refworld | Freedom on the Net – Mexico

Mexico’s reforms have sought to improve the ICT market by reducing market dominance and barriers for investment. Inthe states of Baja California, Ciudad de Mexico, Morelos and Aguascalientes observed the highest scores of internet users in rural areas Scarce funding and a lack of interest in online advertising create challenges for individuals and nonprofits seeking to establish sustainable online outlets in Mexico. Although defamation was decriminalized at the federal level incriminal defamation statutes continue to exist at the state level.

In Februarya mayor filed a criminal complaint for “attacks against honor” against the digital outlet Contramuro.

They also reported that aggressions against online media surpassed the number of aggressions towards print media. Such disparate connectivity rates are also evident in the relatively small percentage of internet users with broadband access.

Little progress has been made in thoroughly investigating illegal surveillance practices in the country, after a series of revelations exposed the abuse of digital spying technologies intended to investigate criminals. Court,” El UniversalApril 19,http: Increasingly, however, women who denounce abuses via online platforms face backlash in the form of threats or even physical violence See “Intimidation and Violence”.

Exporting Select the exporting format Excel format. IFT pone fin a tarifa cero,” Forbes endutjh, November 2,http: Under constitutional reforms to the telecommunications sector, companies that control more than 50 percent of the market areconsidered “preponderant” players and are ejdutih to antitrust measures by the regulator.

Despite revelations about Mexico’s use of digital spying technologies to target journalists, human rights lawyers, activists, and political figures, no significant advances were made to investigate these abuses see Surveillance, Privacy, and Anonymity.

However, IFT has received criticism for its role in reversing some antitrust measures, and for complying with the Supreme Court decision to revoke the declaration of Televisa as a dominant company See “ICT Market”. A new Internal Security Law notably enables the military to carry out intelligence activities by “any legal means possible,” raising further concerns about military intervention in communications and information gathering in an opaque legal environment see “Legal Environment”.


During four months inVerificado published more than notes and 50 videos to debunk false news. Threats and violence from drug cartels, members of local governments, and other actors have continued to put journalists’ lives at risk and curtail the safe practice of journalism. Organizations have also raised concerns about the risk of so-called “right to be forgotten” requests being used to censor sensitive information in Mexico.

While there were no documented cases of individuals prosecuted ebdutih sanctioned by law enforcement agencies on charges related to accessing information on the internet, online reporters continued to risk harassment and arrest while covering demonstrations or political events.

Reliance on public advertising renders independent media vulnerable to content manipulation or closure due to lack of funding, [ 58 ] although the former appears to be the more pernicious of the two trends.

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Mexico has around 83 million Facebook users, 9 percent more than endutjh January How is Mexico advancing women’s online access? Online manipulation and disinformation campaigns have been a recurring phenomenon since enndutih elections, and once again proliferated in the run-up to the presidential and congressional elections.

InReporters Without Borders declared that Mexico, and particularly the state of Veracruz, remained the most dangerous country in Latin America for journalists and one of the most dangerous in the world. In Februarythe Supreme Court also ruled in favor of Televisa, ordering IFT to revisit its finding that the enduthi had “substantial power” in the pay-TV market.

The Mexican Constitution guarantees freedom of speech, freedom of the press, and privacy of personal communications.

Previous reports also revealed that Mexico was the biggest client of the surveillance company Hacking team, which had signed ednutih than 14 contracts with various state and federal agencies. Advanced Search Search Tips. The 20012 Law expanded on and partially replaced previous legislation that increased surveillance and allowed for real-time geolocation. Facebook removals between July and December included more than 2, pieces of content related to a video of a shooting at a school in Monterrey, and 14 items that had been reported for defamation.

Five years after introducing reforms to reshape the telecommunications industry, Mexico has noted some dndutih improvements in internet connectivity, quality of service, and prices. Advanced search of MDG. Ethnic and linguistic divides are also significant. Although the number of Mexicans with fixed broadband subscriptions has increased over the past decade, growing from 2.


The Red Compartida project began operating in Marchproviding a wholesale wireless broadband network that is expected to boost competition and expand coverage to 0212 areas. In Aprilthe Supreme Court of Justice declared blocking an entire website because of alleged copyright violations unconstitutional and considered it a disproportionate measure that violated freedom of expression.

During the election campaign, bots, trolls and fake accounts aggressively spread online propaganda and disinformation promoting or attacking certain candidates on social media. The climate of violence and harassment towards the media contributes to significant self-censorship in states heavily afflicted by violence; only inthe NGO Article 19 documented aggressions enndutih journalists and 12 journalists killed, enfutih least four of whom worked for online media.

Some 20 million users have Instagram. Mobile cellular subscriptions per inhabitants – UN official 8.

Verification initiatives sought to debunk the deluge of disinformation, which included fake polls and fake voting instructions. The Mexican government has used the poor security situation in the country as an excuse to dramatically increase surveillance. By mid, companies had not yet changed their prices as a result of this decision.

Freedom on the Net 2018 – Mexico

Nevertheless, concentration is still high and the real-world impact of these changes in some parts of the country remains to be seen, as the country still suffers from a wide digital divide between urban and rural communities. While some media denounced this as an open door to social media censorship, specialists contended that the changes to the code will not impact freedom of expression, which is still protected by article and the constitution.

Between July and DecemberFacebook received 1, up from in the previous reporting period requests from the Mexican government for information related to 1, users and accounts; of the requests were associated to legal processes. IFT” [The spectrum authorized to Telcel does not affect competition: Endtuih recently updated period. Fixed telephone suscriptions per inhabitants – UN official 8.