Terra sigillata: Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der griechischen und römischen by Hans Dragendorff. Publication date Publisher A. Marcus. Dragendorff: H. Dragendorff, Terra Sigillata, Bon- ner Jahrbiicher 96 () Hermet: F. Hermet, La Graufesenque (). Ludowici: W. Ludowici. Hans Dragendorff, “Terra sigillata. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der griechischen und römischen Keramik”, Bonner Jahrbücher 96 (),

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Scholars writing in English now often use “red gloss wares” or “red slip wares”, both to avoid these issues of definition, [9] and also because many other dragendorfr of the Roman period share aspects of technique with the traditional sigillata fabrics. These vessels have glossy surface slips ranging from a soft lustre to a brilliant glaze-like shine, in a characteristic colour range from pale orange to bright red; they were produced in standard shapes and sizes and were manufactured on an industrial scale dragenxorff widely exported.

It was not exported to other regions. That picture must itself be seen in relation to the luxury tablewares made of silver. These high-quality tablewares were particularly popular and widespread in the Western Roman Empire from about 50 BC to the early 3rd century AD. The fraction of aluminium has a similar effect. The products of the Italian workshops are also known as Aretine ware from Arezzo and have been collected and admired since the Renaissance. The two principal decorated forms were Dragendorff 30, a deep, cylindrical bowl, and Dragendorff 29, a carinated ‘keeled’ shallow bowl with a marked angle, emphasised by a moulding, mid-way down the profile.

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The mould was therefore decorated on its interior surface with a full decorative design of impressed, intaglio hollowed motifs that would appear in low relief on any bowl formed in it. Vessel-forms that had been made in South Gaul continued to be produced, though as the decades passed, they evolved and changed with the normal shifts of fashion, and some new shapes were created, such as the plain bowl with a horizontal flange below the rim, Dr.

Uses authors parameter All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from July Commons category link from Wikidata. Since the 18th century Samian ware pots have been found in sufficient numbers in the sea near Whitstable and Herne Bay that local people used them for cooking. Arretine ware began to be manufactured at and near Arezzo Tuscany a little before the middle of the 1st century BC.


Terra sigillata – Wikipedia

The colour of haematite depends on the crystal size. The history of sigillata manufacture in Italy is succinctly summarised in Hayespages 41— A work has shown that the slip is a matrix of mainly silicon and aluminium oxides, within which are suspended sub-microscopic crystals of haematite and corundum.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Monographiae, Ed.

In rare cases, an imperfection in the ferra, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. Online books Resources in your library Resources in other libraries. Ettlinger is the current reference system for Arretine, and Hayes and for the late Roman material.

Decorative motifs reflected not only the Graeco-Roman traditions of the Mediterranean, but eventually the rise of Christianity as well. Burnishing was a technique used on some wares in the Roman period, but terra sigillata was not one of them.

Though the Central Gaulish forms continued and built upon the South Gaulish traditions, the decoration of the principal decorated forms, Dr. For a report on the grand foursee Vernhet Dragendorff’s classification was expanded by other scholars, including S.

Find more at www. Ssigillata of the Dr. World Ceramic TraditionsLondonpp.

Hans Dragendorff – Wikipedia

Profile drawing of form Dragendorff Pottery production continued, but in the 3rd century, it reverted to being a local industry.

Oswald’s classification Oswald —7 is much fuller, covering South, Central and East Gaulish types, but is marred by the poor quality of the drawings. Small, localised attempts to make conventional relief-decorated samian ware included a brief and unsuccessful venture at Colchester in Britain, apparently initiated by potters from the East Gaulish factories at Sinzig, a centre that was itself an offshoot of the Trier workshops.

It was formerly thought that the difference between ‘red’ and ‘black’ samian was due to the presence black or absence red of reducing gases from the kiln and that the construction of the kiln was so arranged as to prevent the reducing gases from the fuel from coming into contact with the pottery. Terra sigillata is also used as a brushable decorative colourant medium in higher temperature glazed ceramic techniques.

Usually roughly translated as ‘sealed earth’, the meaning of ‘terra sigillata’ is ‘clay bearing little images’ Latin sigillanot ‘clay with a sealed impervious surface’. During the second half of the 2nd century, some Lezoux workshops making relief-decorated bowls, above all that of Cinnamus, dominated the market with their large production.


These were usually decorated with floral and foliate designs of wreaths and scrolls at first: The Best Books of By the 1st century BC, their forms often paralleled Arretine plain-ware shapes quite closely. The deep form of the Dr. In European languages drzgendorff than English, terra sigillata, or a translation dragnedorff.

Terra sigillata: Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der griechischen und römischen …

From the end of the 2nd century, the export of sigillata from Central Gaul rapidly, perhaps even abruptly, ceased. African red slip ware. But many new shapes quickly evolved, and by the second half of the 1st century AD, when Italian sigillata was no longer influential, South Gaulish samian had created its own characteristic repertoire of forms.

The polished surface can only be retained if fired within the low-fire range and will lose its shine if fired higher, but can still display an appealing silky quality. All these types of pottery are significant for archaeologists: A potter’s quarter at Sagalassos inland from the southern Turkish coast has been excavated since it was discovered inand its wares traced to many sites in the region.

The best slips, vivid red and of an almost mirror-like brilliance, were achieved during the Claudian and early Neronian periods Claudius, reg. Although the establishment of sigillata potteries in Gaul may well have arisen initially to meet local demand and to undercut the prices of imported Italian goods, they became enormously successful in their own right, and by the later 1st century AD, South Gaulish samian was being exported not only to other provinces in the north-west of the Empire, but also to Italy and other regions of the Mediterranean, North Africa and even the eastern Empire.

The surface of ancient terra sigillata vessels did not require this burnishing or polishing.

Many of the Gaulish manufacturing sites have been extensively excavated and studied.