Diodorus Siculus fl. 1st century BC) or Diodorus of Sicily was a Greek historian. He is known for writing the monumental universal history Bibliotheca historica. Diodorus Siculus, Greek historian of Agyrium in Sicily, ca. 80–20 BCE, wrote forty books of world history, called Library of History, in three parts: mythical history. Diodorus opens the Fourth Book \^ith a defence of Diodorus took generously from a Praise of Heracles Uterary sources, a history of Sicily and the western.

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In the prologue of this book, Diodorus makes several statements that have been considered important for understanding the philosophy behind his entire work.

Diodorus Siculus

Books eleven to twenty, which are completely intact and cover events between BC and BC, maintain this annalistic structure. But she, because of her strength of body and marvellous comeliness, was so haughty that dioforus kept refusing every man who wooed her in marriage, since she believed that no one of her wooers was worthy of her.

The account is largely based on Hieronymus of Cardia. Click on a word to bring up parses, dictionary entries, and frequency statistics. Diodorus offers the only chronological survey of the period of Philipand supplements the writers mentioned and contemporary sources in many matters.

These books bibliotheeca not survive intact, but large sections are preserved by Byzantine compilers working under Constantine VII and by epitomators like Photius. This city is a colony of the Romans, and because of its convenient situation it possesses the finest market to be found in those regions.

The largest one of those which flow into our waters is the Rhone, which has its sources in the Diodoeus and empties into the sea by five mouths.

Books twenty-one to forty, which brought the work down to Diodorus’ own lifetime, terminating around 60 BC, are mostly lost. In Greece, revolts against the Athenians, various wars; outbreak of the Peloponnesian War. And this was the reason why the Phoenicians, as they transported this silver to Greece and Asia and to all other peoples, acquired great wealth.


The murder of Roxane and her son Alexander. The book is devoted to two parallel narratives, one describing Agathocles’ ultimately unsuccessful invasion of Carthage, and the other devoted to the continued wars of the Diadochi, which are dominated by Antigonus Monophthalmus and Demetrius Poliorcetes. Athens the victor in the naval battle of Aeginusae; she puts her generals to death, and loses the battles that follow: India, Scythia, Arabia, and the islands of the Ocean.

Alexander in Babylon; the burning of Persepolis; death of Darius. This transcription has been minutely proofread. They bring along to war also their free men to serve them, choosing them out from among the poor, and these attendants they use in battle as charioteers and as shield-bearers.

Library of History, Volume XI — Diodorus Siculus | Harvard University Press

Seleucus gains control of Babylon. The majority of the book is devoted to the history of the Assyriansfocussed on the mythical conquests of Ninus and Semiramisthe fall of the dynasty under the effeminate Sardanapallusand the origins of the Medes who overthrew them.

Books six to ten, which covered the transition from mythical times to the archaic periodare almost entirely lost. Diodorus asserts that he devoted thirty years to the composition of his history, and that he undertook a number of dangerous journeys through Europe and Asia in prosecution of his historical researches. They are also boasters and threateners hisrorica are fond of pompous language, and yet they have sharp wits and are not without cleverness at learning.

The rise of Agathocles, tyrant of Syracuse. Caesar, Gallic War6.

Greek English Quick Synopsis onsite Remacle. The conspiracy of Parmenio.

In a word, this island is well supplied with springs of sweet water which not only makes the use of it enjoyable for those who pass their life there but also contribute to the health and vigour of their bodies. The rest of the book is devoted to Egypt and is divided into two halves. Wikisource has original text related to this article: Books II-V cover a wide range, and because of their inclusion of much mythological material are of much less value.


These are the Scilly Isles, lying just off the tip of Cornwall; the ancients considered them as off Spain because of the easy access to them by way of the coast of Spain and the Bay of Biscay. In this book, Diodorus describes the geography of North Africa including Ethiopiathe gold mines of Egypt, the Persian Gulf and Libyawhere he sites mythical figures including the HisoricaAmazonsAmmon and Atlas. The thicker the border, the more information. Sacks considers this idea about the fall of empires to be a core theme of Diodorus’ work, motivated by his own bbiliotheca as a subject of Rome.

Diodorus’ universal historywhich he named Bibliotheca historica Greek: And almost all of them become frozen over by the cold and thus bridge their own streams, and since the natural smoothness of the ice makes the crossing slippery for those who pass over, they sprinkle chaff diodorhs it and thus have a crossing which is safe.

Library of History, Volume XI

It is didorus practice to sleep upon the ground on the skins hjstorica wild beasts and to tumble with a catamite on each side. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

The Greek narrative covers the thirty tyrants of Athens, the establishment and souring of the Spartan hegemony17,38Cyrus the Younger ‘s attempt to seize the Persian throne with the aid of the Ten ThousandAgesilaus ‘ invasion of Persian Asia Minorthe Boeotian War, He selected the name “Bibliotheca” in acknowledgement that he was assembling a composite work from many sources.

Antigonus’s failed Egyptian campaign; Demetrius’ siege of Rhodes, eventually abandoned. Hide browse bar Your current position in the text is marked in blue. Despite a promise in the brief prologue to discuss other contemporary events, it does not contain any side-narratives, although, unlike other accounts of Alexander, it does mention Macedonian activities in Greece during his expedition.

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