Instruction nº 01/, which establishes the criteria for sustainable .. outras providências (Decreto nº , de 23 de dezembro de ). de Residuos Solidos (Lei 12,/), Decreto Regulamentador (Dec. 7,/ ), Responsabilidade Compartilhada, Logistica Reversa. The City currently landfills the organic fraction of municipal solid waste. (MSW). ..
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Elaborated by authors based upon data from: Size class of municipalities per Brazilian region from the 29 Consortia. It was carried out then a data survey on the sources of funding for MSWM, since the lack of municipal resources is the first justification for encouraging Consortia.
In this context, these municipalities through regional shared initiatives have sought solutions to meet the requirements of the PNRS, reducing costs and providing shared public services. This may make it impossible to plan the construction of regional and shared landfills.
However, this incentive does not ensure the efficiency of Consortia because other variables are involved and there are new possible restrictions on the access to financial resources.
Why municipalities 200 states create Consortia for a shared SWM? Waste Management, 20110, In addition, it shows the relevance of the evaluation and makes a proposal on how and what to evaluate in USW management through Public Consortia from the obtained results. In addition, it focuses in small municipalities, which present greater difficulties in the provision of MSWM services-lack of resources, infrastructure and technical capacity.
In most countries, local authorities are charged with the responsibility of collecting and disposing of edcreto and liquid municipal wastes within their areas of jurisdiction municipalities or counties. In recent years, several norms and the National Policy on Solid Waste 1 -PNRS on its Portuguese acronym have provided a legal framework for the solid waste management sector.
Nevertheless, the absence of Integrated Solid Waste Management Plan at municipal and inter-municipal level is an example of one of those restrictions and was attested throughout the survey, ds data from IBGE b showing that One of the biggest challenges facing modern society is solving excessive generation and the environmentally safe disposal of solid waste. Furthermore, in most landfills, there is no proper treatment for the slurry toxic liquid generated by organic garbage decomposition.
Given the nonexistence of data on characteristics. Financial, economic and technical issues are the ve reasons for municipalities to seek a joint solution for their SWM.
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Six of them did not answer the question. We point out its expected results and the main obstacles faced to achieve them. Through gathering of information and empirical data our analysis reveals challenges that are not being addressed and that impact in both, the formation of Public Consortia, as well as the urban solid waste management alternatives.
Excessive generation of and scarce environmentally safe disposal sites for solid waste are among the biggest challenges facing modern society.
Regulamenta a Lei n This reality of municipal solid waste management MSWM is also present in a large and economic diversified country like Brazil, dw municipalities are responsible, by law, for the provision for public service of urban cleaning and solid waste management.
In particular, one of the biggest problems in densely urbanized areas, especially in metropolitan areas, is the lack of appropriate places to have the waste properly disposed.
Twelve of them reported not having any plan; only seven have a Municipal Integrated Plan and four the Inter-municipal. Although these steps are essential for the implementation of an instrument such as the Public Consortia, answers obtained in our research suggest that decgeto components of each step of this first phase are very below the level desirable for each step.
Current Urban Studies, 5, Lessons from the Brazilian Experience. Details of Public Consortia are summarized in Table 1. This was confirmed by the responses of the 210 Consortia analyzed.
In this paper, we analyze Public Consortia of Municipalities, a basic instrument of the National Policy for Solid Waste of Brazil, a country with more than municipalities. Since there is no Federal Agency that centralizes this information, we conducted a survey in all 26 Brazilian states and the Federal District.
There is a need to develop and implement a simple, but reliable tool that will help mayors in this process. Considering that the major goal of the 29 Consortia is the final disposal of solid waste and, consequently, the construction of landfills, it is motive of concern the low proportion of studies on territorial characteristics, land use occupation and distance between the municipalities in the answers of the 29 Consortia.
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Public Consortia as an Alternative Scale-Efficient? In Table 4 we summarize a proposal of what should be considered in each criterion for evaluating SWM through Public Consortia based upon the Brazilian ds.
The results indicate that the following items must be considered in implementing SWM through Public Consortia: