des variétés supérieures de safoutier, manguier du Gabon, kolatier et plusieurs autres .. de «Akpi» poussent à présent à côté du cacao, sa culture principale. Safou (African pear) is a tropical fruit which belongs to the trees Dacryodes edulis L. and belongs . J. () Guide de la culture du safoutier. Au Cameroun Toute la partie méridionale du pays, d’Ambam à l’escarpement de N’gaoundéré est propice à la culture du safoutier. Partout dans cette zone.
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There is no detailed study of the pests affecting D.
Economics of the safou tree – The safou tree is an economically important species 7 tonnes of oil per hectare is extractable from cultivated safou. The tree favours acidic soils, with organic matter in the surface horizon, this improves its growth and production.
Cultivation of the African plum Dacryodes edulis G. Selections 0 Clear all lists. Seeds are recalcitrant and should be extracted from the fruit with care to avoid injury. Retrieved from ” http: Vegetative propagation by both air layering and stem cutting is relatively cheap and easy but cylture can be inconsistent often dependent on the trees’ phenological state prior to propagation. The timber is soft, elastic and grey-rose sfoutier colour.
The tree is an evergreen oleiferous tropical fruit tree which grows in the humid and sub-humid climates of West and Central Africa.
Safou – Appropedia: The sustainability wiki
A small area of bark is removed from a good quality tree. The tree is easy to cultivate and can grow in a wide range of farming systems. It is used to make tool handles, mortars and is suitable for carpentry, firewood and timber. Safou trade has expanded over the last decade and is continuing to safoutuer so. High production of the safou exists in Cameroon, Congo, Gabon and Zaire to satisfy the demand at local markets.
Page was last modified The safou tree is native to the humid lowlands and plateau regions of Central Africa and the Gulf of Guinea, but the species has now been introduced to parts of Malaysia. It can provide a stable income from sale of the fruits and their products.
Air layering is the most common cultue of vegetative propagation. SearchWorks Catalog Stanford Libraries. In Gabon, the African plum Dacryodes edulis [G. The fruits of this tree are widely appreciated and are sold regularly in all major urban markets.
Guide de la culture du Safoutier 
An oil can be extracted by distillation from the pulp and seeds. The genus Dacryodes contains thirty-four species, 2 in Tropical America, 19 in Africa and 13 species in the Malaysian archipelago.
The pulp and seeds are traditionally sun-dried or roasted to extend the shelf culthre, though this can effect the nutritional value increasing the acid content of the pulp and decreasing the iodine content. Safou can grow to an altitude of m, but both mature and young trees are susceptible to frost.
The species is dioecious, the flowers being unisexual after abortion of one sex. The safou tree is not yet a plantation crop, but is currently grown in small orchards.
When planted out, young trees require adequate soil moisture to become well established ripe fruit, however, has a short storage life in humid climates 2 – 8 days without refrigeration. The leaves, stem and root barks are also used in traditional medicine to treat leprosy, dysentery, anemia and tonsillitis.
It is quite hard and usually consumed after boiling or roasting. It occurs in non-flooded forests in humid tropical zones, but in drier areas safou prefers slightly swampy ground. Uncommon tropical crops Fruits. Safou African pear is a tropical fruit which belongs to the trees Dacryodes edulis L.
How do you grow the safou tree? The resin can also be used as a varnish. The fresh pulp has a pear-like flavour and oily flesh. Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Societe et Environnement.
The oil, which is extracted from both the pulp and the seed, is rich in palmitic, oleic and linoleic acids. The tree is well known for its fruits safouwhich are rich in protein, fat, fibre, minerals and essential amino acids. Navigation menu Personal tools Create account Log in. After a number of weeks, the growing roots can be observed through the polythene film, the branch can then be severed and potted.
The seeds should be planted approximately 2 cm deep in containers of acidic loam soils with a high humus content germination occurs within 12 – 15 days. Numerous scientific studies carried out in neighboring countries have revealed excellent nutritional qualities of the safou pulp and interesting food properties of the oil extracted from both the safou pulp and the seed kernel.
Most producing countries do not grow the safou tree on a commercial scale and fruits are collected from trees that grow in the wild and in home gardens.
The trees will bear fruit in 4 – 5 years. The tree can produce an annual yield of about – kg of pulp per tree. The cut area is covered with a soil mixture and kept in position with clear polythene film. The market szfoutier agronomic potential of this species has not yet been sufficiently studied in Gabon.