Home HISTORY THE NGONI MIGRATION (O LEVEL) EFFECTS OF NGONI They caused wide spread loss of lives leading to depopulation in some areas. The Ngoni migration was primarily caused by Shaka’s expansionist wars. He had embarked on an a vigorous policy of expanding his empire at the expense of. Explain the causes of the Ngoni migration. Reasons for the Ngoni migration. The Ngoni migrated due to the tyrannical and dictatorial rule of.

Author: Gugrel Guramar
Country: Finland
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Education
Published (Last): 6 October 2009
Pages: 89
PDF File Size: 20.63 Mb
ePub File Size: 5.21 Mb
ISBN: 181-4-76526-989-3
Downloads: 86642
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Fenrisho

They began at the start of the 19th century, around The Wagoni have a strong story-telling tradition. They used the cow horn method causee surrounding an enemy and attacking from all sides giving the enemy little chance to escape. A History of East Africa by Odhiambo. They then crossed River Zambezi and River Limpopo and moved northwards in search of new areas.

None of the other tribes wanted the Ngoni to live near them, so they migratoon them away.

A study of the Ngoni will enable students to appreciate the current settlement patterns and way of the life of the southern Tanzania.

There were also civil wars in Zulu land. The leaders wanted to take over power in the areas they defeated, which was not acceptable to Shaka forcing some groups to migrate to other areas.

Reasons for the Ngoni migration.

These included Mirambo, Nyungu ya Mawe and Mkwawa, who used the Ngoni military tactics to build their states. The Zulu and the Mfecane. They used large cowhide shields, which could not be easily penetrated by spears. The Ngoni were a small group of people but were able to make their presence and authority fell by the local people because of their leadership, outstanding military efficiency and their capacity to absorb conquered people into their armies.


Trade in Pre-Colonial Africa. They could have moved because of famine and drought that led to lack of food and water. Instead of the long throwing spears which had to be thrown one by one, the Ngoni adopted short stabbing spears and clubs known as Assegai, copied from Shaka the Zulu.

At the end of the 19th century, Germany colonised Tanganyika. They left South Africa aroundrunning ngonl from the tyrannical rule of Shaka- the ruler of the Zulus, who had created a period of troubles known as “Mfecane”. From Songea, this Gwangara group raided the land between Lake Malawi and the coast, pf a period of mihration, uncertainty and chaos.

Need mmigration see what was beyond them. This saved his kingdom from being destroyed.


They used the short stabbing spears called assegai rather than the long throwing spears which meant that the warriors could attack more effectively at a close range.

They also chose clear open spaces for fighting and liked attacking their enemies during nights. However, aroundZwangendaba died. Is there an app that will identify a rock or Crystal by a photo that you submit? Explain the social, political and economic effects of the Ngoni migration.

THE NGONI MIGRATIONS reasons of migration | tunda

Assegai, cowhides and shields. Militarily the Ngoni were organised in large standing armies and age regiments; people of the same age trained together, which brought unity and efficiency. Their migration created a period of wars in areas that were previously peaceful.

The Ngoni invasion nyoni to the rise of outstanding leaders to prominence. Their stories tell of how they migrated to Tanzania from South Africa, from the area between Natal and Swaziland.

He was a great warrior and leader. This gave them more food and allowed Zululand to support more people. There were several waves of migration from South Africa but two groups came to East Africa around the s.


EFFECTS OF NGONI INVASIONS IN E. AFRICA – online student resources

They caused the loss of lives leading to depopulation in some areas where they got warriors this was especially in southern Tanzania. In addition, such groups became terrorists who lived by war, plunder and hunting for ivory.

Ngoni disturbance disrupted normal cultivation leading to famine. S ome Ngoni people owned large herds of cattle and northwards looking for pasture and water for their animals. This was the start of a long migration to find somewhere else to live.

It led to formation of some societies by those who used Ngoni tactics e. However, the Ngoni brought innovation and changes such as military techniques, skill and weapons. Effects of Ngoni invasion or migration in East Africa. These may have been clan or land conflicts that made their stay in South Africa unbearable.

After the battles they would force the young men to join their army and take young girls for wives.

The Ngoni had great experience in large scale warfare which many of the interior tribes lacked. Shaka Zulu was the leader of one of the smaller Zulu chiefdoms.

Slave trade had undermined most of the communities of southern Tanzania. The course of the Ngoni movement and settlement. Some knowledge of South African geography and history. They share many common words in their languages.

It led to introduction of new weapons e. The Ngoni invasion ngooni many effects on the peoples of East Africa.