Caranx hippos. This large fish is wonderfully abundant in the Atlantic Ocean, and popular resource for both commercial and sports fishers alike. Description, classification, synonyms, distribution map and images of Caranx hippos – Crevalle jack. (ofScomber hippos Linnaeus, ) Linnaeus C. (). Systema naturae per regna tria naturae: secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum.

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The anal fin lobe is bright yellow, with the remainder of the fin ranging from golden to dusky, while the underside of the caudal peduncle often being yellow in adults. Dietary shifts with both age, location and season have been demonstrated, which led some researchers to postulate the species is indiscriminant in its feeding habits. Discover Fishes Caranx hippos. Juveniles abundant in brackish estuaries with muddy bottoms, near sandy beaches and on seagrass beds Ref.

It is taken by a variety of netting methods, including purse nets, seines and gill netsas well as hook-and-line methods. The caudal fin is strongly forked, and the pectoral fins are falcate, being longer than the length of the head.

The crevalle jack is the only jack in the western Atlantic Ocean with this patch of scales. It is an important sport fish, and is exploited throughout its range. The crevalle jack is a powerful predatory fish which predominantly takes other small fishes as prey at all stages of its life, with various invertebrates generally being of secondary importance to its diet.

Atlante dei pesci delle Coste italiane. Monografia dei Carangini viventi nel Mediterraneo Pisces, Perciformes. Maxilla ending approximately below Ref.

Adults prey upon on a variety of fish, shrimp and invertebrates. The coloration of the juvenile holds between 0. The crevalle jack is classified within the genus Caranxcranx of a number of groups known as the jacks or trevallies. The pelvic fin remains unpigmented after 0. Gulf and Caribbean Research.


IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

Ventrally, the jack crevalle has a single pair of triangular patches of smaller teeth. The closely related horse-eye jack Caranx latus is frequently seen schooling over reefs. Sud4 3A: Learn from the Experts at Salt Water Magazine. The crevalle jack is a powerful, predatory fish, with extensive studies showing the species consumes a variety of small fish, with invertebrates such as prawnsshrimpscrabsmolluscs and cephalopods also of minor importance.

Front of soft dorsal and anal fins elevated; olivaceous to bluish green dorsally, silvery to brassy on the sides; prominent black spot posteriorly on gill cover at level of eye, another at upper axil of pectoral fins, and often a third on lower pectoral rays; caudal yellowish Ref.

The eggs of the crevalle jack are between. Food ihppos Agricultural Organization of the United Nations. Caranx hippos map Caranx hippos 2 from Bloch, Evidence from laboratory studies indicates crevalle jack are able to coordinate their feeding and hipppos aggregations over coral reefs based on the release of dimethylsulfoniopropionate DMSP from the reef. Usually adults measure around 24 inches long; it has been caught and measured almost 40 inches long.


Eastern Central Atlantic Vol 1. Views Read Edit View history. Early Stages of Atlantic Fishes: The former was an attempt to separate the ‘subspecies’ on each side of the Americas, [7] while the latter was an unnecessary name to divide the Atlantic Caranx hippos into subspecies.

They primarily are found along the continental shelf, but occur in waters as deep as feet m. The crevalle jack is a highly important species to commercial fisheries throughout its range, with the greatest quantity of the species taken from the eastern Atlantic.

The types of fish taken varied throughout the range, with members of ClupeidaeSparidaeCarangidae and Trichiuridae all taken in variable amounts, usually with members of one family dominating the local diet.


In the inshore environment, crevalle jack hipposs shallow flats, sandy bays[15] beachesseagrass beds, shallow reef complexes [5] and lagoons. American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists.

They are present all year round in the Gulf of Mexico, with a peak in abundance during the summer months due to spawning peaks.

This large fish is wonderfully abundant in the Atlantic Ocean, and popular resource for both commercial and sports fishers alike. Gillrakers including rudiments upper, lower on first gill arch. Adults ascend rivers Ref. Entered by Luna, Susan M. You can sponsor this page. Juveniles have around five dark vertical bands on their sides, caranc these fading at adulthood. No scales on chest Ref.

Journal of Natural History.

FAO Fisheries & Aquaculture – Aquatic species

Main reference Upload your hippox References Coordinator: In these experiments, the fish were presented with a range of hipppos classes of the same prey species, Menidia beryllinawith the results showing they prefer to take the smallest size class possible, which contrasts with more aggressive predators, such as bluefish.

The crevalle jack is closely related to both the Pacific crevalle jack and the longfin crevalle jackthe latter of which has been extensively confused with the true crevalle jack until recently.

Eggs are pelagic Ref. Both adults and juveniles are usually found in schools.

Human uses

Analisis taxonomico y consideraciones filogeneticas sobre las especies cubanas del genero Caranx Teleostei, Perciformes, Carangidae. The flesh is very red and dark due to the red muscle of the fish, which makes it somewhat coarse and poor tasting. Ciguatera poisoning occurs when humans eat a fish that has eaten a toxin that is produced by the dinoflagellate, Gambierdiscus toxicusand it is digested by the fish.