A Brief Outline of the Canons of Dordt (), the Original Five Points of Calvinism. Rev. Angus Stewart. Head I: Of Divine Predestination (Unconditional. The Canons of Dordt of , the Reformed Tradition’s response to the Arminiam views of the Remonstrants in the Dutch Reformed Church. Everyone knows the acronym TULIP, but not everyone knows where this acronym comes from. The Canons of Dordt are among the most.

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There are not various decrees of election, but one and the same decree respecting all those who canoons be saved, both under the Old and New Testament; since the Scripture declares the good pleasure, purpose, and counsel of the divine will to be one, according to which He has chosen us from eternity, both to grace and to glory, to salvation and to the way of salvation, which He has ordained that we should walk therein Eph 1: Since we are to judge of the will of God from His Word, which testifies that the children of believers are holy, not by nature, but in virtue of the covenant of grace, in which they together with the parents are comprehended, godly parents ought not to doubt the election and salvation of their children whom it pleases God to call out of this life in their infancy Gen Thus it is not in consequence of their own merits or strength, but of Canonw free mercy, that they neither totally fall from faith and grace nor continue and perish finally in their backslidings; which, with respect to themselves is not only possible, but would undoubtedly happen; but with respect to God, it is utterly impossible, since His counsel cannot be changed nor His promise fail; neither can the call according to His purpose be revoked, nor the merit, intercession, and preservation of Christ be rendered ineffectual, nor the sealing of the Holy Spirit be frustrated or obliterated.

But God, who is rich in mercy, according to his unchangeable dofdt of election, does not wholly withdraw the Holy Spirit from his own people, even in their melancholy falls; nor suffers them to proceed so far as to lose the grace of adoption, and forfeit the state of justification, or to commit vanons unto death; nor does he permit them to be totally deserted, and to plunge themselves into everlasting destruction. That the corrupt and natural man can so well use the common grace by which they understand the light of natureor the gifts still left him after the fall, that he can gradually gain by their caonns use a greater, namely, the evangelical or saving dotdt and salvation itself.

This is also repugnant to the continuous practice of the Church, which prays by the mouth of the Prophet thus: Article 7 – Faith God’s Gift But as many as truly believe, and are delivered and saved from sin and destruction through the death of Dirdt, are indebted for this benefit solely to the grace of God, given them in Christ from everlasting, and not to any merit of their own. But God, who is the Father of all consolation, does not suffer them to be tempted above that they are able, but will with the temptation also make a way to escape that they may be able to bear it, 1 Corinthians Since we have now been justified by his blood, how much more shall we be saved from God’s wrath through him Rom 5: Or who has been his counselor?

Canons of Dordt

The elect in due time, though in various degrees and in different measures, attain the assurance of this their eternal and unchangeable election, not by inquisitively prying into the secret and deep things of God, but by observing in themselves with a spiritual joy and holy pleasure the infallible fruits of election pointed out in the Word of God — such as, a true faith in Christ, filial fear, a godly sorrow for sin, a hungering and thirsting after righteousness, etc.


For the ancient Church has long ago condemned this doctrine of the Pelagians according to the words of the Apostle: Fifth Head of Doctrine – Of the Perseverance of the Saints Article 1 – The Regenerate Not Entirely Free from Sin Whom God calls, according to his purpose, to canohs communion of his Son, our Lord Jesus Christ, and regenerates by the Holy Spirit, he delivers also from the dominion and slavery of sin in this life; though not altogether from the body of sin, and from the infirmities of the flesh, so long as they continue in this world.

That God the Father has ordained his Son to the death of the cross without a certain and definite decree to save any, so that the necessity, profitableness and worth of what Christ merited by his death might have existed, and might remain dodt all its parts complete, perfect and intact, even if the merited redemption had never in fact been applied to any person.

But God, who is the Father of all consolation, does not suffer them to be tempted above that they are able, but will with the temptation make also the way of escape, that they may be able to endure it 1 Cor That the spiritual gifts or the good qualities and virtues, such as goodness, holiness, righteousness, could not belong to the will of man when he was first created, and that these, therefore, could not have been separated from it in the fall.

Rather, it renders them much more careful and solicitous to continue in the ways of the Lord, which he has ordained.

Their continued use as a standard still forms an unbridgable problem preventing close cooperation between the followers of Jacob Arminiusthe Remonstrantsand Dutch Reformed Churches. For this Moses denies, addressing the people of Israel as follows: For the Holy Scripture testifies that this follows out of election, and is given the elect in virtue of the death, the resurrection and intercession of Christ: For Christ Himself, in Matt In the same light are we to consider the Ten Commandments, delivered by God to his peculiar people the Jews by the hands of Moses.

Canons of Dort (A.D. 1619)

Article 13 – The Fruit of This Assurance The sense and certainty of this election afford to the children of God additional matter for daily humiliation before him, for adoring the depth of his mercies, for cleansing themselves, and rendering grateful returns of ardent love to him, who first manifested so great love towards them.

Article 10 – Election Based on God’s Good Pleasure The good pleasure of God is the sole cause of this gracious election; which does not consist herein, that out of all possible qualities and actions of men God has chosen some as a condition of salvation; but that he was pleased out of the common mass of sinners to adopt some certain persons as a peculiar people to himself, as it is written, “For the children being not yet born neither having done any good or canohs etc.

The Scripture moreover testifies that believers in this life have to struggle with various carnal doubts and that under grievous temptations they are not always sensible of this full dortd of faith and certainty of persevering. Article 4 – The Danger of True Believers’ Falling into Serious Sins The weakness of the flesh cannot prevail against the power of God, who confirms and preserves true believers in a state of grace.


That Christ has in no place prayed that believers should infallibly continue in faith. And this is the perspicuous, simple, an ingenuous declaration of the orthodox doctrine respecting the five articles which have been controverted in the Belgic Churches; and the rejection of the errors, with which they have for some time been troubled.

Who dprdt separate us from the love of Christ Rom 8: But we are in no wise to conduct ourselves towards them with haughtiness, as if we had made ourselves to differ.

The Canons of Dordt

Greater love has no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends,” John That true believers and regenerate can sin the sin unto death or against the Holy Spirit. The Canons are the judgment of the Synod against this Remonstrance.

And these proclaim, as did the wicked Socinus, a new and strange justification of man before God, against the consensus of the whole church. This purpose, proceeding from everlasting love towards the elect, has from the beginning of dodt world to this day been powerfully accomplished, and will henceforeward still continue to be accomplished, notwithstanding all the ineffectual opposition of the gates of hell; so that the elect in due time may be gathered together into one, and that there never may be wanting a Church composed of believers, the foundation of which is laid in the blood of christ; which may stedfastly love and faithfully serve Him as its Savior who, as a bridegroom for his bride, laid down His life for them upon the cross ; and which may celebrate His praises here and through dorrt eternity.

Love each other as I have loved you. Retrieved from ” https: Article 8 – A Single Decision of Election There are not various decrees of election, but one and the same decree respecting all those who shall be saved, both under the Old and Dorddt Testament, since the scripture declares the good pleasure, purpose and counsel of the vanons will to be one, according to canone he has chosen us from eternity, both to grace and glory, to salvation and the way of salvation, in which he has ordained that we should walk.

Canons of Dordt – Canadian Reformed Churches

With respect to those who make an external profession of faith and live regular lives we are bound, after the example of the apostle, to judge and speak of them in the most favorable manner. To those who murmur at the free grace of election, and just severity of reprobation, we answer with the apostle: Although the weakness of the flesh cannot prevail against the power of God, who confirms and preserves true believers in a state of grace, yet converts are not always so influenced and actuated by the Spirit of God as not in some particular instances sinfully to deviate from the guidance of divine grace, so as to be seduced by and to comply with the lusts of the flesh; they must, therefore, be constant in watching and prayer, that they may not be led into temptation.

Hence it clearly appears, that those of whom one could hardly expect it, have violated all truth, equity, and charity, in wishing to persuade the public: That the unregenerate man is not really nor utterly dead in sin, nor destitute of all powers unto spiritual good, but that he can yet hunger and thirst after righteousness and life, and offer the sacrifice of a contrite and broken spirit, which is pleasing to God.