A Brief Outline of the Canons of Dordt (), the Original Five Points of Calvinism. Rev. Angus Stewart. Head I: Of Divine Predestination (Unconditional. The Canons of Dordt of , the Reformed Tradition’s response to the Arminiam views of the Remonstrants in the Dutch Reformed Church. Everyone knows the acronym TULIP, but not everyone knows where this acronym comes from. The Canons of Dordt are among the most.
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Rejection of the Errors The true doctrine having been explained, the Synod rejects the errors of cnaons While Arminius did not depart far from the Reformed position, he gave a larger place to the faith of the believer and came to a position of conditional predestination rather than the absolute predestination of Calvin and the double predestination of Beza.
The true doctrine concerning Election and Reprobation having been explained, the Synod rejects the errors of those:.
And His justice requires as He has revealed Himself in His Word that our sins committed against His infinite majesty should be punished, not only with temporal but with eternal punishments, both in body and soul; which we cannot escape, unless satisfaction be made to the justice of God. And hereby we know that he abides in us, by the Spirit which he gave us,” I John 3: The sense and certainty of this election afford to the children of God additional matter for daily humiliation before him, for adoring the depth of his mercies, for cleansing themselves, and rendering grateful returns of ardent love to him, who first manifested so great love towards them.
This promise, together with the command to repent and believe, ought to be declared and published to all nations, and to all persons promiscuously and without distinction, to whom God out of His good pleasure sends the gospel. Left to their own that is not only possible, but would undoubtedly happen.
Canons of Dordt
And as God Himself is most wise, unchangeable, omniscient, and omnipotent, so the election made by Him can neither be interrupted nor changed, recalled, or annulled; neither can the elect be cast away, nor their number diminished.
That God the Father has ordained His Son to the death of the cross without a certain and definite decree to save any, so that the necessity, profitableness, and worth of what canond merited by His death might have existed, and might remain in all its parts complete, perfect, and intact, even if the merited redemption had never in fact been applied to any person.
And the prophet Isaiah says concerning the Savior: The Canons of Dordt were a response to a controversy within the Reformed churches of the Netherlands in the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries.
And they contradict the Apostle John, who teaches the opposite with express words in his first epistle: For thereby they contradict the Holy Scriptures, which declare that God infuses new qualities of faith, of obedience, and of the consciousness of his love into our hearts: This is dordf decree of election and reprobation, revealed in the Word of God, which men of perverse, impure and unstable canins wrest to their own destruction, yet affords unspeakable consolation to holy and godly souls.
For by this injurious error the pleasure of God and the merits of Christ are made of none effect, and men are drawn away by useless questions from the truth of gracious justification and from the simplicity of Scripture, and this declaration of the apostle is charged as untrue: This furnishes them with constant matter for humiliation before God, and flying for refuge to Christ crucified, to put the flesh to death more and more by the spirit of prayer and by holy exercises of piety, and to press forward to the goal of perfection, till being at length delivered from this body of death, they are brought to reign with the Lamb of God in heaven.
It is not even because God bestows the power or ability to believe, and then expects that man should by the exercise of his own free will, consent to the terms of that salvation, and actually believe in Cahons, but because he who works in man both to will and to do, and indeed all things in all, produces both the will to believe, and the act of believing dort.
For this opinion is repugnant to Scripture which teaches that we are by nature children of wrath Eph 2: Article 18 – The Proper Attitude Toward Election and Reprobation To those who murmur at the free grace of election, and just severity of reprobation, we answer with the apostle: The wrath of God abides upon those who believe not this gospel.
My Father, who has given them to me, is greater than all ; no one can snatch them out of my Father’s hand John A service of thanksgiving to God followed upon the completion of the Canons, a service at which it was thankfully remembered that the Lord had preserved the Reformed Churches in the midst of a life-and-death conflict, and had preserved for the churches the truth that salvation fordt of the Cwnons alone.
Canons of Dort (A.D. 1619)
That it is not absurd that one having lost his first regeneration, is again and even often born anew. But when God accomplishes His good pleasure in the elect, or works in them true conversion, He not only causes the gospel to be externally preached to them, and powerfully illuminates their minds by His Holy Spirit, that they may rightly under and discern the things of the Spirit of God; but by the efficacy of the same regenerating Spirit He pervades the inmost recesses of man; He opens the closed and softens the hardened heart, and circumcises that which was uncircumcised; infuses new qualities into the will, which, though heretofore dead, He quickens; from being evil, disobedient, and refractory, He renders it good, obedient, and pliable; actuates and strengthens it, that like a good tree, it may bring forth the fruits of good actions.
Neither does renewed confidence or persevering produce licentiousness, or a disregard to piety in those who are recovering from backsliding. Man by the fall did not cease to be a creature endowed with understanding and will, nor did sin which pervaded the whole race of mankind, deprive him of the human nature but brought upon him depravity and spiritual death. For this is nothing less than the denial of all that efficiency of God’s grace in our conversion, and the subjecting of the working of Almighty God to the will of man, which is contrary to the apostles, who teach that we believe accord to the working of the strength of his might Eph 1: And, whereas many who are called by the gospel, do not repent, nor believe in Christ, but perish in unbelief; this is not owing to any defect or insufficiency in the sacrifice offered by Christ upon the cross, but is wholly to be imputed to themselves.
That all men have been accepted unto the state of reconciliation and unto the grace of the covenant, so that no one is worthy of condemnation on account of original sin, and that no one shall be condemned because of it, but that all are free from the guilt of original sin.
As the doctrine of election by the most wise counsel of God was declared by the prophets, by Christ Himself, and by the apostles, and is clearly revealed in the Scriptures both of the Old and the New Testament, so it is still to be published in due time and place in the Church of God, for which it was peculiarly designed, provided it be done with reverence, in the spirit of discretion and piety, for the glory of God’s most holy Name, and for enlivening and comforting His people, without vainly attempting to investigate the secret ways of the Most High Acts Love each other as I have loved you.
A Brief Outline of the Canons of Dordt
The Canons represent a consensus of all the reformed churches of that day. But this doctrine is justly terrible to those, who, regardless of God and of the Savior Jesus Christ, have wholly dortd themselves up to the cares of the world, and the pleasures of the flesh, so long as they are not seriously converted to God. This mystery of His will God reveals to but a small number under the Old Testament; under the New Testament the distinction between various dorct having been removed He reveals it to many.
For these deny by this doctrine the incorruptibleness of the seed of God, whereby we are born again. But that others who are called by the gospel obey the call and are converted is not to be ascribed to the proper exercise of free will, whereby doordt distinguishes himself above others equally furnished with grace sufficient for faith and conversion as the proud heresy of Pelagius maintains ; but it must be cznons ascribed to God, who, as He has chosen His own from eternity in Christ, so He calls them effectually in time, confers upon them faith and repentance, rescues them from the power of darkness, and translates them into the kingdom of His vordt Son; that they may show forth the praises of Him who has called them out of darkness into His marvelous light, and may glory not in themselves but in the Lord, according to the testimony of the apostles in various places.
Instead, even this light, man in various ways totally distorts, and holds it in unrighteousness, and is so doing becomes inexcusable before God. Election is the unchangeable purpose of God, whereby, before the foundation of the world, He has out of mere grace, according to the sovereign good pleasure of His own will, chosen from the whole human race, which had fallen through their own fault from the primitive state of rectitude into sin and destruction, a certain number of persons to redemption in Christ, whom He from eternity appointed the Mediator and Head of the elect and the foundation of salvation.
Who use the difference between meriting and appropriating, to the end that they may instil into the minds of the imprudent and inexperienced this teaching that God, as far as He is concerned, has been minded to apply to all equally the benefits gained by the death of Christ; but that, while some obtain the pardon of sin and eternal life, and others do not, this difference depends on their own free will, which joins itself to the grace that is offered without exception, and that it is not dependent on the special gift of mercy, which powerfully works in them, that they rather than others should appropriate unto themselves this grace.