Caesalpinia sappan L. (Leguminosae) is found in India, Malaysia, southern China, and tropical Asia, and its heartwood Sappan lignum is used as a red dye. Family Name: Fabaceae (Leguminosae). Common Names: Sappan Wood, Brazilwood Tree, Sappan. Chinese Name: 苏木. by; G. Renu, Sanjana Julias Thilakar, D. Narasimhan, Centre for Floristic Research, Department of Botany, Madras Christian College, Tambaram. (0 ratings).

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Brazilin purified from C. The mean arthritis index score was 2.

India Biodiversity Portal

Occurrence Occurrence Occurrence Records. Flowering can occur after one year of growth.

Biological basis for the use of botanicals in caesallinia and rheumatoid arthritis: Lubrecht and Cramer Ltd. Brazilin prevented joint destruction, surface erosion, and enhanced bone formation as revealed by microstructural examinations. Retrieved from ” https: The detection voltage and interface temperature were set to 1. Received Nov 15; Accepted Apr Footnotes Competing interests The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


It does not tolerate too wet soil conditions. HPLC separations of methanol and ethanol extracts of C.

M,Biodiversity Documentation for Kerala Part 6: Partial chondroprotective effect of zoledronate in a rabbit model of inflammatory arthritis. Purification and characterization of brazilin from Caesalpiniaa sappan L. Does not include altitudinal distribution, which is covered under Habitat.

D, Add Add References: Related observations Show all. N – trabecular number; Tb.

Biancaea sappan – Wikipedia

Flowering is usually in the rainy season, fruiting about 6 months later. The dyeing is achieved caesalpiniz three successive extractions, reducing the amount of water each time.

Dictionary of Economic Plants. The main dye component in the heartwood of Caesalpinia sappan is brazilin, also present in brazilwood Caesalpinia echinata Lam. In such cases, organ weights are normalized by body weight, thereby permitting comparison of organs from animals with different body weights.

Caesalpinia sappan L.

The heartwood also contains juglone 5-hydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinonewhich has antimicrobial activity. User specific search options User. The leaves can be used to hasten ripening of fruits such as bananas and mangoes.


Both suppression and reduction of BMD loss near joints are measures of anti-arthritic efficacy [ 4748 ]. Background Rheumatoid arthritis RA is a acesalpinia inflammatory disease of the synovium, cartilage, and bone. Several recent studies have focused on herbal extracts or compounds that exhibit anti-arthritic effects in rats with adjuvant-induced arthritis [ 11 – 13 ].

A few drops of wood extract in drinking water is considered refreshing, due to the fragrance and colour it imparts. There are 2 citations in Afrirefs related to Caesalpinia sappan L.

Caesalpinia sappan L.

Thus, administration of brazilin more effectively preserved trabecular architecture than did MTX. Inflorescence czesalpinia axillary or terminal panicle or raceme 10—40 cm long. Caesalpinia sappan caesalpinia sappan x – k – jpg www. Search in all groups Search within this group.

BBP wrote the paper and analyzed the data. Overview Overview Diagnostic Diagnostic Keys.