great “magic” of the Disney spell is that he animated the fairy tale only to transfix audiences JACK ZIPES. Breaking the Disney Spellt. It was not once upon a. 2 Rumpelstiltskin and the Decline of Female Productivity. 3 Breaking the Disney Spell. 4 Spreading Myths about Iron John. 5 Oz as American Myth. According to Jack Zipes in his article, “Breaking the Disney Spell,” in From Mouse to Mermaid: “[Walt] Disney employed the most up-to-date.

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Foundational Essay: Zipes’ “Breaking the Disney Spell”

This book will change forever the way we look at the fairy tales of our youth. The next great revolution in the institutionalization of the genre was the film, for the images now imposed themselves on the text and formed their own text in violation of print but also with the help of the print culture. The power of Disney’s fairy-tale films does not reside in the uniqueness or novelty of the productions, but in Disney’s great talent for holding antiquated views of society still through animation and his use of the latest technological developments in cinema to his advantage.

Rather, he is the entertainer who elevates the subtext of play found in his sources and dares once apell to frighten children” He plays a negligible role in the Grimms’ version.

They were just the beginning. As Richard Schickel has perceptively remarked, Disney “could make something his own, all right, but that process nearly always robbed the work at hand of its uniqueness, of its soul, if you will.

By making many reproductions it substitutes a plurality of copies of a unique existence. Technique takes precedence over the disneey, and the story is used to celebrate the technician and his means. The answer to all these questions is simply: The great “magic” of the Disney spell is that he animated the fairy tale only to transfix audiences and divert their potential utopian dreams and hopes through the false promises of the images he cast upon the screen.

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: However, Disney went much further than the Grimms to make his film more memorable than the tale, for he does not celebrate the domestication of women so much as the triumph of the banished and the underdogs. Showing little reverence for literary tradition, Disney focused less of maintaining the integrity of the original text and focused more attention on displaying his innovative and technological accomplishments.


Remember me on this computer. When the gigantic king discovers that the young man is wooing his daughter, he kicks him out of the palace, followed by puss.

Breaking the Disney Spell- Jack Zipes | Fairy Tale Traditions

In contrast, other writers would write tales the parodied or undermined the classical literary tradition, and produce original, subversive tales that were indicative of the institution itself After all, Disney came from a relatively poor family, suffered from the exploitative and stern treatment of an unaffectionate father, disnry spurned by his early sweetheart, and became a success due to his tenacity, cunning, and courage and his ability to gather talented artists and managers like his brother Roy around him.

Tales such as Beauty and the Beast, Spepl White and the Seven Dwarves, and Rumplestiltskin have become part of our everyday culture and shapers of our slell. However, to understand Disney’s importance as designer and director of fairy-tale films that set a particular pattern and model as the film industry developed, it does make sense to elaborate on Crafton’s notions of self-figuration, for it provides an important clue for grasping the further development of the fairy tale as animated film or film in general.

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In general, Disney projects the enjoyable fairy tale of his life through animation to the audience, and they come to accept it as the ideal life—an infantile quest that enabled him to strike a resonating chord with American audiences. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Enter your comment here The domestication is related to colonization insofar as the ideas and types are portrayed as models of behavior to be emulated.

A lot of films at the time would not credit the mass of people who worked on the film.

If one looks carefully at the major writers of fairy tales for children who became classical and popular in the 6 nineteenth century, it is clear that they themselves exercised self-censorship and restraint in conceiving and writing down tales for children. The oral threatened the more conventional and classical tales because they questioned, dislodged, and deconstructed the written tales. The so-called original and subversive tales kept and keep the dynamic quality of the dialectical appropriation alive, for there was and there is always jac, danger that the written word, in contrast to the spoken jzck, will fix a structure, image, metaphor, plot, and value as sacrosanct.


In aipes lively work, Jack Zipes explores the historical rise of the literary fairy tale as genre in the late seventeenth century and examines the ideological relationship of classic fairy tales to domination and oppression in Western society.

His adaptation of the literary fairy tale for the screen led to the following changes in the institution of the genre: It may seem strange to argue that Disney perpetuated a male myth through his fairy-tale films when, with the exception of Pinocchio, they all featured young women as “heroines” in Sleeping Beauty, Cinderella, and The Little Mermaid.

Most important in the late nineteenth century was the rise of folklore as an institution and various schools of literary criticism that dealt with fairy tales and folk tales.

Tales of Faerie: Jack Zipes-Breaking the Disney Spell

Her father remains alive, and she was never forced to do the work of commoners such as wash the steps of the castle. It spsll notions of elitism zipds separatism through a select canon of tales geared to children brreaking knew how to read. For instance, Disney in his Alice films often employed a cat named Julius, who would take off his tail and use it as stick, weapon, rope, hook, question mark, etc. When the hero reveals himself, the king is enraged, but the hero grabs the princess and leads her to the king’s chauffeur.

Through the artful use of images, Disney was able to sway the masses and gain their favor by being the sole controller of those and the supreme ruler of reality.