You agree to abide by all applicable anti-corruption laws, including laws prohibiting illegal payments to people for a corrupt purpose in relation to these. Clase 5 bocio endemico download as powerpoint presentation. Prevalence and geographical distribution of endemic goitre. Saude publica avaliacao do bocio. May-Jul;23()– [PubMed]; STACPOOLE HH. La profilaxis del bocio endemico en Mexico. Bol Oficina Sanit Panam. Mar;36(3)–
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From each locality, one state elementary school was selected as the survey site. Table 1 shows major geographic and sociodemographic characteristics, such as total population 10schoolchildren population 11extreme poverty 12social gap index SGI 12prevalence of stunting 13and range of altitude 14 of each municipality studied. However, other nutritional enfemico, such as anemia in schoolchildren have not improved significantly; inanemia prevalence was The geography and altitude have been traditionally described as important ejdemico regarding iodine availability in soil.
Endemic goiter in Latin America
All table salt ne were analyzed qualitatively to identify the presence of iodate using a kit Bioteccsa Laboratorios, Sonora, Mexico. To estimate median urinary iodine concentration UICand to correlate it with global nutrition indicators and social gap index SGI in 50 elementary state schools from 10 municipalities in the State of Queretaro, Mexico.
Only schools with more than 30 children between 6 to 12 years of age were included in this study Quantitative iodine analyses of table salt were performed using the sodium thiosulfate titration method 2. When we explored other dependent variables, we did not find any significant effect of altitude. Estrategia contra el sobrepeso y la obesidad. Besides, inside or near most Mexican elementary schools, there are small stores that sell snack foods rich in energy, carbohydrates, fat, and iodized salt La profilaxis del bocio endemico en Mexico.
bocio endemico en mexico pdf – PDF Files
Thyroid function derangement and childhood obesity: Goiter was evaluated by manual exam and ultrasound. Iodine nutrition improves in Latin America. In addition, intensive and permanent educative and normative programs are needed to guarantee the availability and consumption of table salt with adequate iodine content.
On the other hand, the control of chronic undernutrition has been notably improved in the last years. For the anthropometric measurements, shoes of the subjects were removed, their pockets emptied, and they wore light indoor clothing. In this regard, in New Zealand only the fortification of bread with iodized salt is mandatory sinceand it is estimated that this measure contributes for almost a third of total iodine intake However, we did not find a significant association for the endmico on UIC, which is in accordance to the results obtained by Aghini-Lombardi and cols.
Assessment of iodine deficiency disorders and monitoring their elimination: Historic records of endemic goiter: Services on Demand Journal. As mentioned, we identified table salt samples without iodine. Stunting, wasting, and micronutrient deficiency disorders.
Iodine deficiency in Endemic goiter in Costa Rican school children. Bol Oficina Sanit Panam. Birth prevalence of congenital hypothyroidism in Mexico. Copyright and License information Disclaimer. On the other hand, spot urine samples were obtained from schoolchildren in mL sterile plastic urine sample containers. Table 2 also shows the prevalence of stunting, overweight, and obesity.
Thyroid function and structure are affected in childhood obesity. In pregnant women, goiter prevalence was 19 in Pachuca, 20 in Ixmiquilpan, and 52 in Huejutla. Table 4 shows detailed UIC results for each municipality, including the frequencies of UIC median values obtained in the 50 survey sites.
There are no recent national surveys about iodine content in table salt in households of Mexico, and the consumption pattern of iodized salt is poorly understood. The Principal from each school was asked to randomly select children of both genders to mesico in the study. Am J Clin Nutr.
Despite consumption of iodized salt, ingestions of goitrogens may be contributing to the persistence of this problem. SGI is not a poverty measurement because it does not consider income, social security, and food access. Urinary iodine excretion is the most appropriate outcome indicator mexkco iodine deficiency at field conditions at district level.
The SGI is a measurement obtained by means of a principal component analysis that summarizes 11 indicators categorized in four dimensions: We grouped data according to three geo-political levels: Twenty-four percent of families obtained water from wells contaminated with arsenicum obcio mercury in Pachuca and Ixmiquilpan, and with colibacilli in Ixmiquilpan. A follow-up study of endsmico families in a Brazilian Amazon community.
In these studies, iodine deficiency was associated with height SDS and intelligence quotient, and undernutrition and poverty, respectively. Associated Data Supplementary Materials. Children were sampled from schools and pregnant women from rural reference hospitals.
bocio endemico en mexico pdf
Journal List Public Health Rep v. How to cite this article. Currently, Mexico is considered a nutrition transition country, enemico an increase in prevalence of overweight and obesity and a reduction of nutritional deficiencies 8,