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I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby publish it under the following licenses: Views View Edit History. After the Macedonian army had crossed the Tigris a lunar eclipse occurred.

The mercenary cavalry was divided into two groups, veterans on the flank of the right and the rest in front of the Agrians and Greek archers, who were stationed next to the phalanx. It was a disastrous defeat for the Persians and one of Alexander’s finest victories.

Darius chose a flat, open plain where he could deploy his larger forces, not wanting to be caught in a narrow battlefield as he had been at Issus two years earlier, where he could not deploy his huge army properly.

View all coordinates using: From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby publish it under the following licenses:.

In contrast, Diodorus mentions that Mazaeus was only supposed to prevent Alexander from crossing the Tigris. A second negotiation attempt took place after the capture of Tyre. In this quarter indeed the Persians took to speedy flight; and the Macedonians followed up the fugitives and slaughtered them. Retrieved from ” https: You may select the license of your choice. Darius tried to dissuade Alexander from further attacks on his empire by diplomacy.

The Battle of Gaugamela. When Alexander took the northern route, Mazaeus must have returned to Babylon to bring the news. Darius would have deliberately allowed Alexander to cross the rivers unopposed in order to guide him to the battlefield of his own choice. Ivory relief sculpted in the 18th century by an anonymous author. Warfare in the Classical World. I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby publish it under the following licenses:. Batalla de Gaugamela M.


These raiders were in turn attacked and dispersed by the rear reserve phalanx as they were looting. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.

This page was last edited on 20 Januaryat The main Persian infantry was poorly trained and equipped in comparison to Alexander’s pezhetairoi and hoplites. But the rest of the Bactrians, drawing near to the Paeonians and Grecian auxiliaries, caused their own comrades who were already in flight to turn and renew the battle; and thus they brought about a general cavalry engagement, in which more of Alexander’s men fell, not only being overwhelmed by the multitude of the barbarians, but also because the Scythians themselves and their horses were much more completely protected with armour for guarding their bodies.

To their right was another part of the allied Greek cavalry. Artist Anonymous Unknown author. Histories of Alexander the Great.

Category:Battle of Gaugamela – Wikimedia Commons

He would not have bothered to defend it because he considered it impassable due to the strong current and depth of the river.

The following page uses this file: Alexander the Great Bucephalus User: During the battle Alexander used an unusual strategy which has been duplicated only a few times. As the Persians advanced farther and farther ggaugamela the Greek flanks in their attack, Alexander slowly filtered hatalla his rear guard.

The majority of the remaining satraps gave their loyalty to Alexander and were allowed to keep their positions.

Alejandro Magno, el conquistador de la India

I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby publish it under gaugzmela following licenses: Archived from the original on Representa el combate librado en a.


Coordinates on Wikidata Articles containing Greek-language text Articles needing additional references from September All articles needing additional references Commons category link is on Wikidata. The Hypaspists gaugame,a the armed grooms of the cavalry then attacked and eliminated these survivors. Diodorus, Curtius and Arrian write that an embassy [10] was sent instead of a letter, which is claimed by Justin and Plutarch. After crossing the Euphrates, Alexander followed a northern route instead of a direct southeastern route to Babylon.

Part of the Wars of Alexander the Great. La Batalla de Gaugamela detalle. The Macedonians were divided into two, with the right side under the direct command of Alexander and the left of Parmenion.

The Persian and Indian cavalry in the center with Darius broke through.

With it was the Paionian and Greek light cavalry. This page was last edited on 16 Septemberat Opposite each other, they fought and a heavy defeat of the troops [of the king he inflicted]. Alexander then ordered Aristo at the head of the Paeonians and Grecian auxiliaries to attack the Scythians, and the barbarians gave way. A Bqtalla horse archer. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Darius would have expected him to take the faster southern route directly to Babylonjust as Cyrus the Younger had done in BC before his defeat in the Battle of Cunaxa. Berkeley and Los Angeles, California: The second line was given orders to se with any flanking units should the situation arise. At this point the Persian Empire was divided into two halves—East and West.