Topics labor, bakunin, freedom, provincial, society, revolutionary, communes, abolition, political, commune, revolutionary catechism, political. Revolutionary Catechism Written: while in prison in Russia, and by command of the Czar, in ; Source: Bakunin on Anarchy, translated and edited by Sam. Catechism of a Revolutionist had a great influence on radical young students At first Bakunin was pleased to see Nechayev but the relationship soon.

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He has no private interests, no affairs, sentiments, ties, property nor even a name of his own. To combat charlatans and pernicious associations is the special affair of public opinion. To the latter was assigned the noble profession of arms and government; to the serfs, the curse of forced labor.

The fifth category consists of those doctrinaires, conspirators, and revolutionists who cut a great figure on paper or in their circles [ kruzhki ].

The Society has no aim other than the complete liberation and happiness of the narod — i.

Catechism of a Revolutionary – Wikipedia

Reason, truth, justice, respect for fellowmen, the sense of personal dignity which is inseparable from the dignity of others, love of personal freedom and the freedom of all others, the conviction that work is the base bakhnin condition for rights — these must be the fundamental principles of all public education. Abolition not of the natural family but of the legal family founded on law and property.

The sixth category is especially important: The degree of friendship, devotion and obligation toward such a comrade is determined solely by the degree of his usefulness rrvolutionary the cause of total revolutionary destruction. Therefore, there must be free commerce, nakunin, and communication among all federated countries, and abolition of frontiers, passports, and customs duties bqkunin.

He is its merciless enemy and continues to inhabit it with only one purpose – to destroy it. Bakunin was convinced that this kind of vanguard movement was indispensable to the success of the Social Revolution; that the Revolution must simultaneously destroy the old order and take on a federalist and anarchistic direction. The right of every man and woman, from birth to adulthood, to complete upkeep, clothes, food, shelter, care, guidance, education public schools, primary, secondary, higher education, artistic, industrial, and scientificall at the expense of society.


Bakunin had in mind a society in transition toward anarchism.

Neither society, nor any revilutionary of society — commune, province, or nation — has the right to prevent free individuals from associating freely for any purpose whatsoever: The provincial parliament, in strict accordance with the Charter of the Federation of Communes, will define the rights and obligations existing between the communes, the parliament, the judicial tribunal, and the provincial administration.

Equality does not imply the leveling of individual differences, nor that individuals should be made physically, morally, or mentally identical. Applied to international polity these principles are:.

The commune must also accept the judgments of the provincial tribunal and any measures ordered by the government of the province. Without such an autonomous intermediate body, the commune in the strict sense of the term would be too isolated and too weak to be able to resist the despotic centralistic pressure of the State, which will inevitably as happened twice in France restore to power a despotic monarchical regime.

It administers the communal property and finances. The building of a full-fledged anarchist society is the work of future generations.

It would lead to a worse evil, namely, the restoration of authoritarian institutions. But all day and all night he studies the vital science of human beings, their characteristics and circumstances, at every possible level of social existence.

Above all, those who are especially inimical to the revolutionary organization must be destroyed; their violent and sudden deaths will produce the utmost panic in the government, depriving it of its will to action by removing the cleverest and most energetic supporters.

Revolutionary Catechism

Freedom can and must be defended only by freedom: Consecrated by liberty, these new federations of communes, provinces, regions, and nations will then be truly strong, productive, and indissoluble. Absolute freedom to organize associations even for allegedly immoral purposes including even those associations which advocate the undermining or destruction of individual and public freedom. The fact that Bakunin called for the destruction of all oppressive institutions does not mean that he favored premature changes in certain areas.

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Only nations or peoples catehcism the principles outlined in this catechism will be admitted to the federation. He directed all his energy toward safeguarding the expected revolution from the mistakes which had led to the collapse of the revolution of Wikisource has original text related to this article: On the contrary, it must be reorganized to issue from the base to the summit — from the circumference to the center — according to the principles of free association and federation.

Hoover Institution Press, Stanford University. Despite the encouraging revival of the socialist and labor movements, Bakunin saw that the workers were still very far from attaining the necessary revolutionary consciousness. Retrieved from ” https: Absolute rejection of every authority including that bxkunin sacrifices freedom for the convenience of the state. The right of inheritance violates the principle of freedom and must be abolished.


The division of a country into regions, provinces, districts, and communes, as in France, will naturally depend on the traditions, the specific circumstances, and the particular nature of each country. The third category consists of a great many brutes in high positions, distinguished neither by their cleverness nor their energy, while enjoying riches, influence, power, and high positions by virtue of their rank. Man is really free to the extent that his freedom, fully acknowledged and mirrored by the free catechiam of his fellowmen, finds confirmation and expansion in their liberty.