Bahya Ben Joseph Ibn Pakuda, also known as Behay and Bahie, was an 11th Bahya was the author of the first Jewish treatise on ethics, written in Arabic in. Philosophy and Mysticism in Bahya ibn Paquda’s “Duties of the Heart”. Diana Lobel. pages | 6 x 9. Cloth | ISBN | $s | Outside. Rabbi Saadyah wrote the first Jewish work of philosophy in Rabbi Bachaya wrote the first work of Jewish ethics more than a century later. Rabbi Saadya.

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This has its seat within, and is manifested in gentle conduct toward one’s fellowman, whether he be of equal standing or superior, but especially in one’s attitude toward God. It is also commonly regarded as consisting of the way people deal with ultimate concerns about their lives and their fate after death.

Lobel reveals Bahya as a maverick who integrates abstract negative theology, devotion to the inner life, and an intimate relationship with a personal God. Yet only God, whose wisdom and goodness comprise all times and all circumstances, can be implicitly confided in; for He provides for all His creatures out of true love, and with the full knowledge of what is good for each. Muhammad is traditionally said to have…. The world is beautifully arranged and furnished like a great house, of which the sky forms the ceiling, the earth the floor, the stars the lamps, and man is the proprietor, to whom the three kingdoms—the animal, the vegetable, and the mineral—are submitted for use, each of these being composed of the four elements.

Man’s inability to know God finds its parallel in his inability to know his own soul, whose existence is manifested in every one of his acts. There was a problem with your submission. This absorption can be attained only gradually by cultivating self-renunciation, perfect indifference to all externals, and the effacement of all affection and will” “Notices et Extraits,” xii.

Some, in order to lead a life devoted to the higher world, flee this world altogether, and live as hermits far away from all civilization, quite contrary to the design of the Creator; others retire from the world’s turmoil and strife and live a secluded life in their own homes; a third class, which comes nearest to the precepts of the Law, participates in the world’s struggles and pursuits, but leads a life of abstinence and moderation, regarding this world as a preparation for a higher one.


A systematic, carefully constructed work, Duties of the Hearthas remained to this day a favorite of serious, sensitive students.

Bahya ibn Paquda

A comparison of the translations with the Arabic original Cairo MS. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted, and if it meets our criteria, we’ll add it to the article. Of his life nothing is known except that he bore the title of dayyan or judge at the rabbinical court. It is therefore a duty incumbent upon every one to make God an object of speculative reason and knowledge, in order to arrive at true faith.

Ibn Paqūda, Baḥya (Abū Isḥāq) ben Joseph – Brill Reference

The aim and goal of all ethical self-discipline he declares to be the love of God, which forms the contents of the tenth and last section of the work, “Sha’ar Ahabat Elohim” The Gate of the Love of God.

In fact, all that the world offers will disappoint man in the end; and for this reason the Saints and the Prophets of old often fled their family circles and comfortable homes to lead a life of seclusion devoted to God only.

Her critical ear for the nuances and history of Arabo- Islamic terminology. These anthropomorphisms, however, whether they speak of God as having manlike form or as displaying a manlike activity, are used in the Bible only for the purpose of imparting in homely language a knowledge of God to men who would otherwise not comprehend Him; while the intelligent thinker will gradually divest the Creator of every paqusa that renders Him manlike or similar to any creature.

Bahya says in the introduction to Duties of the Heart that he wished to fill a great need in Jewish literature; he felt that neither the rabbis of the Talmud nor subsequent rabbis adequately brought all the ethical teachings of Judaism into a coherent system. Understandably, the tenth and last chapter of the book paqufa Love of G-d. True paqua shows itself in fear of the deserved divine punishment, in contrition of soul, in ibbn and sighs, in outward signs of grief—such as moderation of sensual enjoyment and display, and foregoing pleasures otherwise legitimate —and in a humble, prayerful spirit and an earnest contemplation of the soul’s future.


Sufismmystical Islamic belief and practice bahyx which Muslims seek to find the truth of divine love and knowledge through direct personal experience of God.

Medal of Honor Recipients. Here an exposition of the teachings of the Law and the Rabbis is given, with the view of emphasizing the need of spirituality without which all the observances of the ceremonies and the painstaking study of the dry volumes of rabbinical law fail of their purpose. A number of compendiums of the work were composed and published for this purpose. He wanted to present pauda religious system at once lofty and pure and in full accord with reason.

Jami, in describing the life of paquva Sufis, says: Men, as a rule, fail to appreciate the mercies of God, either because their insatiable longing for pqquda deprives them of the sense of gratitude, or because they are spoiled by fortune, or dissatisfied and disappointed in their expectation of life.

Still, as the normal law of human life requires the cultivation of a world which God has formed to be inhabited, and the perpetuation of the race, asceticism can only be the virtue of a few chosen ones who stand forth as teachers of a higher art of life; but, in the same measure as the massesinclined at all times toward sensualism, in the same paquca there arose Nazarites, prophets, and saints in the midst of them to point to the higher needs of the soul.

Where there is purpose manifested, there must have been wisdom at work.

If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit paqudz requires login. God can not be non-existent, or a non-eternal or a non-unit, or else He is not God.

Judah ibn Tibbon translated the first section of the book for Meshullam ben Jacob of Lunel inand the rest between and Bahya was thoroughly familiar with the Jewish rabbinic literatureas well as the philosophical and scientific Arabic, Greek and Roman literature, quoting frequently from the works of non-Jewish moral philosophers in his work.