tall tropical American timber tree especially abundant in eastern Brazil; yields hard strong durable zebrawood with straight grain and dark strips on a pinkish to . Gonçalo Alves ou Gonçaleiro (Astronium fraxinifolium) Família Anacardiaceae. Árvore rústica de médio porte, comum em várias regiões, ás vezes chamada de. PDF | Essential oils produced from leaves of Astronium fraxinifolium Schott. harvested at four different stages of maturity have been analyzed by GC/MS.

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If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Astrlnium Plants Database, Fraximifolium Fern. View at Google Scholar O. View at Google Scholar A. Leishmaniasis is a disease that affects human beings and animals and is caused by the protozoa parasite of the genus Leishmania which is transmitted by the bite of infected female phlebotomine sandflies and displays a spectrum of manifestations which goes from cutaneous involvement CL with late destruction of mucous membranes to generalized systemic visceral disease VL with fatal outcome if not treated [ 1 ].

The strain of L. It is popularly used in the treatment of various diseases including skin, digestive tracts, urogenital, respiratory disorders, infections, and pain [ 22 ]. Astronium fraxinifolium Schott Anacardiaceae Some works treat this species as a form or just a synonym of Astronium graveolens. Nonetheless, in some cases when mucosa, such as nasal or oral mucosa, is injured, treatment is necessary; otherwise, permanent sequelae may occur [ 7 ].

Increased incidence of resistance to the drug has been described [ 8 ].


Also, male animals were tested because this gender is more susceptible to the Leishmania infection than the females, and this susceptibility seems to be related to the type astroniu, cytokine produced [ 35 ]. The aim of the present work was to demonstrate in vitro and in vivo antileishmanial activity of Astronium fraxinifolium and Plectranthus amboinicus.

Astronium fraxinifolium Images

Brazil draxinifolium reported 23, CLcases in [ 4 ]. Treatment with the Essential Oil of P. Sample of the wood Photograph by: Looking into the canopy Photograph by: For the test treatment, two protocols were used.

The lesion sizes from treated and untreated animals were analysed by the one-way Anova and complemented by the Tukey-Kramer test for multiple comparisons.

The arrow indicates start of treatment about the 27th day. The animals were treated with leaf ethanolic extract from Astronium fraxinifolium EEF.

Astronium fraxinifolium – Useful Tropical Plants

Indexed in Science Citation Index Expanded. As it was shown in Figure 1essential oil of P. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. The second protocol consisted of 15 daily intralesional injections. Antileishmanial Evaluation The in vitro evaluation of the antileishmanial activity of the essential oil from P. Last update on Abstract The aim of the present work was to evaluate antileishmanial activity of Astronium fraxinifolium and Plectranthus amboinicus.

Astronium fraxinifolium – Dictionary Definition :

However, a higher number of parasites were astroniuum when the group of animals treated with the plant material was compared with the group treated with Glucantime. Table of Contents Alerts. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Licensewhich permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Line drawing of the flowering branch Photograph by: HIV-positive individuals are probably at high risk of developing cutaneous leishmaniasis [ 9 ] probably frwxinifolium more severe forms of the disease. The profiles of lesion thickness were similar to the standard treatment.

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Trypsin was inactivated by adding the same volume of medium containing foetal bovine serum. Additionally, we decided to use the gold hamster astronijm to evaluate the activity of our plant materials in vivo based on the fact that hamsters are known to be highly susceptible to Leishmania subgenus Viannia infection [ 35 ].

Now containing plants. No difference was found when the animals treated with the plant material and the untreated aztronium were compared in terms of lesion thickness Figure 3. No cytotoxic activity of the plant materials was observed when they were incubated in different concentrations with RAW Assays were performed in triplicate. In vitro results showed that both essential oil of P. The animals were injected subcutaneously in the right hind footpad with 10 6 stationary phase L.

Fraxinifoium at Google Scholar F.

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