ASNAF E ADAB PDF

asnaf e adab book free download. Asnaf E Adab Book Free Download Download Mirror: Reply. Show more. Sang e Mil, 1 Review .html?id= Bibliographic information. QR code for Asnaf-e-Adab. Agaaz o IrtaqaUrdu mein Hamm’d ka agaaz usi waqt ho gaya tha jab urdu adab ki ibtada hue. Urdu adab k her shaair ne Hamm’d e baari k ashaar likhay hain.

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QaseedaQaseeda arbi k lafz “Qasad” se nikla hai, jis ka matlab hai irada kerna. Agaaz o IrtaqaUrdu adab mein qaseeda mugaliya sal’tunat k zawal k bad shooro hua. Urdu qaseeday mein Tareef k elawa is mein dosray moz’oo b miltay hain maslan: Qaseeda k pahle dono misray aur baqi sari nazm k ashaar k dosray misray hum qafia hotay hain. Yaani jis qaseeday mein mad’ah ki jae. Hamm’d ka mozo buht wasee aur motno’o hai.

Mazameen k lihaz se Qaseeday ki chaar qismein: In ka rab’t pahle 4 misron se hota hai. Laiken istallah mein Hamm’d is nazm ko kahtay hain “jo Allah Tuaa’la ki azmat aur kibraai bayan kernay mein likhe jaae”.

Muss’adas khalis’tan aadab sinf e sukhan hai. Mas’vini ki khoobi ye hai k is k ashaar mein bahmi rab’t aur tas’alsul ho. Dour e jadeed mein urdu k baishtar shaura ka aeab naat goyi ki tarah ho raha hai, Ye aik naik faalhai, kuch shaura sirf Naat he kahtay hain aur inhon ne kisi dosri sinf e adab ki taraf deehan he nai diya ,maslan Hafeez Tai’eb, Hafiz ludhyanvi, Hafiz Mazhar ul Din Wagaira.

Is sinf main choo’nkay shaair kisi shakhs ki tareef o toseef k khayal se irada’tan shair kahta hai is liye is sinf ko Qaseeda kahtay hain. Muss’adasMuss’adas se murad vo sinf e nazm hai “jis mein har band k 6 misray hotay hain”.

AHazrat Ali R. Addab ka lugwi maani hai “kisi shakh’s mein achi aur qabil e tareef sifaat ka paya jana aur is safaat ka bayan kerna”- Naat arbi zuban ka lafz hai, agerchay arbi zuban mein tareef o toseef k liye Hamm’d o Sana aur Mud’ah k alfaz bi aatay hain, laiken istalahmein Naat ka lafz “Rasool Ullah saa’llaha Hu Alaihay Wasalim “ki safaat o sana bayan kernay k liye makhsos kiya gaya hai.

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Soda k bad “Insha” aur “Mus’hafi” ne qaseday ko taraqi de. A aur degar sahaba karam k naatia ashaar ab b miltay hain. DuaQaseeday k Is akhrai hisay mein shair mam’doh k liye dua xdab hai aur maqta likh ker qaseeda khatam ker daita hai. Aur Urdu mein is ka aghaz Dakan se he hua. Ghalib ne b qaseeday likhaylaiken in k qaseedon mein vo khoobiyan nai thein jo inhein asjaf qaseeda nigaron se mumtaz ker sakein.

Mukh’amisMukh’amis k maani hain paanch paanch 5,5 ki shakal mein rakha hua – Istalah mein Mukh’amis se murad vo sinf e nazm hai “jis ka har band 5 misron pe mushtamil adan.

Muhsin Kaakorvi ka tamaam kuliyat naat mein hai, garz k her sinf mein Muhsin Kaakorvii ne naat goyi ka haq ada kiya hai, in k bad Halli ka naam aata hai. Is nazm k pahle paanchon misray hum-qafia hotay hain mager baad mein aanay walay tamam bandon k pahle char 4 misronka qafia pahle band ae mukh’talif adba hai. Dakan k ‘Nizami Baedri ‘ ne masnivi “Pidam Rao” likh ker urdu adab main masvini ki intada ki. MasnviMasnvika lafz mushtiq hai ‘mas’naa’ se – Jis k maani hain do 2.

Is k ashaar ki tadad muka’rar nai. Urdu mein “Ameer asjaf aur “Muhsin Kaakorvi “k do naam aisay hain jinhein is sinf main awaleen ka sharf hasil hai.

Muss’adas bandon pe aab hoti hailaiken is k bandon ki tadad mutayan nai hai. TashaibIsay qaseeday ki tamheed b kahtay hain, is hisay mein shaair Mana’zar e fitrat ki akaasi kerta hai, ba-ikhlaq batain kerta hai. Urdu adab k her shaair ne Hamm’d e baari k ashaar likhay hain. Nazir Akbar Abadi ne akser nazmain isi hayyat mein likein hain. Yaani jis qaseeday mein kisi fard ya idaray ki hijo ki jae. MudahIs hisay mein shair mam’doh ki tareef kerta hai aur baz okaat mubagla se b kaam laita hai.

Musalman shua’ra to isay muzhbi fareeza samjh ker likhtay hainLaiken hindu shuaara nae bi is iltazaam ko barqrar rakha hai.

Albata kuch shaura ne mazhbi aur buzargan e din kishaan mein qaseeday likhay – in meinIsma’el Mairthi, Arzoo, Muhsin Kaakorvi aur Haali k naam qabil e zikar hain.

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URDU ASNAF-E-ADAB BY ATAURRAHMAN NOORI | Bahar-E-Sunnat بہار سنّت

GuraizQaseeday ka mukh’tasreen hisa sirf do ashaar pe mushtamil hota hai. Hafiz Jhulan’dhari addab “Shaah nama e Islam” qabil e zikr masnvi hai. Aur is ki wusast ki koi had nai. Arz e TalabIs hisay mein shair apnay mam’doh se shaairana andaz main inaam o ikraam talab kerta hai. Jo Pind o Nasai’ah pe mushtamil ho.

Shidat, taa’sur, mazameen k taa,salsul aur mosiqiyat aur apnay daman ki woo’sat ki bina pe ye sinf e sukhen zyada maqbol hue. Hamaray dor mein Abdul Aziz khalid ne apnay naatia maj’moon ” Faar Qaleet aur Man’hamna” ne mukhtlif hayyaton mein Naat ka kamyab tujarba kiya hai aur deegar shuaara ne bi is ki paerwi ki hai.

Qaseeday mein ashaar ki tadaad ki koi had muka’rar nai. Arbi aur farsi mein is ka koi wajud nai aue na he kisik taqleed mein ye Urdu raa’ej hue. Agaaz o IrtaqaUrdu mein Mas’vini ki sinf doosri isnaf ki tarah farsi adab se aaye. Haqeeqat ye hai k Zoq k bad qaseeday ko zawal a gaya,jab k bad hindustan main badshahat aur nawabi ka dour khatum hua to qaseeda b is k sath khatum ho gaya.

Ibtadaye dor main”Muhammad Ali Qutab Shah” aur “Nusrati” mashhur qaseeda go ko hasiyat se ubharay laiken “Soda” vo wahid shaa’ir hai jis ne Qaseeday ko arooj bakhsha.

URDU ASNAF E ADAB BY ATAURRAHMAN NOORI

Urdu shaayri ki koi he sinf aise ho ge jis main Naat na kahi gae ho, Qadeem urdu shaura Hamm’d e baari Taa’la k bad Naat paak se apnay deewanon ko muzayyan kiya. Jis men shaair amooman apnay zaati mahol, fitrati manazar ki kaifiyat bayan kerta hai.

Mirza Shauq ki masvini”Zaher e Ishq” main soz o gudaaz ne aik dilcha’sp kaifiyat paida ker di the.