AFDX defines the electrical and protocol specifications (IEEE and ARINC , Part 7) for the exchange of data between Avionics Subsystems. ARINC is based on Ethernet technology and components. ARINC is a specific implementation of ARINC Specification Part. 7. 3 and ARINC , Part 7) for the exchange of data be- tween Avionics Subsystems One thousand times faster than its predecessor, ARINC , it builds .

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Speedgoat – ARINC Part 7 / AFDX protocol support with Simulink

Through the use of twisted pair or fiber optic cables, full-duplex Ethernet uses two ainc pairs or strands for transmitting and receiving the data. The six primary aspects of an AFDX data network include full duplexredundancy, determinism, high speed performance, switched and profiled network. Sub-virtual links are assigned to a particular virtual link.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The drawback is that it requires custom hardware which can add significant cost to the aircraft.

IO781: AFDX (ARINC 664 Part 7) I/O Module

Innovating together for the A XWB”. Also sub-virtual links do not provide guaranteed bandwidth or latency due to the buffering, but AFDX specifies that latency is measured from the traffic regulator function anyway. Each switch has filtering, policing, and forwarding functions that should be able to process at least VLs. Each virtual link is allocated dedicated bandwidth [sum of all VL bandwidth allocation gap BAG rates x MTU] with the total amount of bandwidth defined by the system integrator.

There is no specified limit to the number of virtual links that can be handled by each end system, although this aprt be determined by the BAG rates and maximum frame size specified for each VL versus the Ethernet data rate. A similar implementation [ clarify ] of deterministic Ethernet is used on the Boeing Dreamliner.

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This page was last edited on 10 Novemberat A data word consists of 32 bits communicated over a twisted pair cable using the bipolar return-to-zero modulation. ARINC operates in such a way that its single transmitter communicates in a point-to-point connection, thus requiring a significant amount of wiring which amounts to added weight.

Avionics Full-Duplex Switched Ethernet – Wikipedia

By adding key elements from ATM to those already found in Ethernet, and constraining the specification of various options, a highly reliable full-duplex deterministic network is created providing guaranteed bandwidth and quality of service QoS. Virtual links are unidirectional logic paths from the source end-system to all of the destination end-systems. AFDX extends standard Ethernet to provide high data integrity and deterministic timing. Archived copy as title All Wikipedia articles needing clarification Wikipedia articles needing clarification from September The switch must also be non-blocking at the data rates that are specified by the system integrator, and in practice this may mean that the switch shall have a switching capacity that is the sum of all of its physical ports.

Each VL is frozen in specification to ensure that the network has a designed maximum traffic, hence determinism.

Aginc solution on the A” PDF. Multiple switches can be bridged together in a cascaded star topology. AFDX is a worldwide registered trademark by Airbus. The virtual link ID is a bit unsigned integer value that follows a constant bit field.

ARINC utilizes a unidirectional bus with a single transmitter and up to twenty receivers. This ADN operates without the use of a bus controller thereby increasing the reliability arunc the network architecture.

The network is designed in such a way that all critical traffic is prioritized using QoS policies so delivery, latency, and jitter are all guaranteed to be within set parameters. Webarchive template arihc links CS1 maint: Basing on standards from the IEEE This type of network can significantly reduce wire runs and, thus, the overall weight of the aircraft.


In one abstraction, it is possible to visualise the VLs as an ARINC style network each with one source and one or more destinations. AgustaWestland asserts its independence in the cockpit”. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. AFDX was designed as the next-generation aircraft data network. However, some features of a real AFDX switch may be missing, such as traffic policing and redundancy functions.

Airbus and Rockwell Collins: Retrieved from ” https: However, the number sub-VLs that may be created in a single virtual link is limited to four. This is the maximum rate data can be sent, and it is guaranteed to be sent at that interval. Retrieved May 28, Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market.

Ethernet family of local area network technologies.

Avionics Full-Duplex Switched Ethernet

It specifies interoperable functional elements at the following OSI reference model layers:. Bi-directional communications must therefore require the specification of a complementary VL. There are two speeds of transmission: Views Read Edit View history. The architecture adopted by AgustaWestland is centered around the AFDX data network developed for the latest commercial airliners.

Additionally, there can be sub-virtual links sub-VLs that are designed to carry less critical data. There can be one or more receiving end systems connected within each virtual link. In addition, AFDX can provide quality of service and dual link redundancy.