AI KHANOUM PDF

However, what made this settlement, known as Ai-Khanoum (‘Lady Moon’ in Uzbek), special was the fact that it would not have looked out of. The Spatial Organization of Ai Khanoum, a Greek. City in Afghanistan. LAuriAnne MArTinez-Sève. ArTiCLe. Abstract. The excavations of the Greek settlement of. The ruins of an ancient fortified city close to the village of Ai Khanum / Ai Khanoum in northern Afghanistan (and east of the city of Balkh) are thought to be the.

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Leave a Reply Cancel reply Enter your comment here According to John Boardman, Ai-Khanoum may have been one of the conduits for some art influence into ancient India, though these influences and their sources are “not always properly identified or yet identifiable”. Possibly, this was a refoundation of an older, Persian city, and was settled with Greek and Iranian veterans, together with native serfs: Recent analysis now strongly suggests that the city was founded c.

During the reigns of Seleucus I Nicator the founder and his son Antiochus I, the number of new settlements expanded rapidly.

Ai-Khanoum: A Greek city in north-east Afghanistan – Real History

Instead, it is more likely that the establishment of new settlements was in response to the enormous administrative challenges that came with an empire of such massive size.

Alexander Hamer 5 Comments. Media Babylon Persia Rawlinson: However, the images do not have to be those of a Greek goddess.

Perhaps, this city was identical to Ai Khanum in Afghanistan. Plate from Ai Khanum Alexandria on Oxus. I think the people in the region probably thought they were modern and more interesting khanoym their ancient cities — much like modern people are always interested in new city architecture — our cities are constantly changing, and so it was back then. A few years after the foundation of the city, around BC, the Indian Emperor Ashoka was carving a rock inscription in Greek and Aramaic addressed to the Greeks in the region, the Kandahar Edict of Ashokain the nearby city of Kandahar.

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Ai-Khanoum – Travel guide at Wikivoyage

Seleucid Coins of Bactriap. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. You are commenting using your WordPress.

As part of this, Alexander established new settlements in strategic locations, populating them with Macedonian and Greek settlers. These are the first known representations of Vedic deities on coins, and they display early Avatars of Vishnu: Many Seleucid and Bactrian coins were found at Ai-Khanoum, as were ten blank planchetsindicating that there was a mint in the city. Atash Bahram Modern Temples: One of the more entertaining anecdotes highlighting the influence of Hellenistic culture is provided by ancient historian Plutarch:.

Ai-Khanoum: A Greek city in north-east Afghanistan

Even the city walls were built in the Greek style. In addition to its interaction with the Indian subcontinent, the Greco-Bactrian Kingdom as a whole would eventually come to develop increasing contacts with a power even further to the East: Islamic State of Afghanistan. The Seleucid Empire was arguably the greatest of the Successor states, at its height encompassing almost all of the former Persian empire, with the notable exception of Egypt. The presence of olive oil jars at Ai-Khanoum indicates that this oil was imported from the Mediterranean, as its only possible source would have jhanoum the Aegean Basin or Syria.

For the Seleucids that distance was even greater, with Bactra some 3,kms 2, miles from the capital at Antioch near modern Antakya, Turkey.

One manifestation of this can khankum found in one of the main temples at Ai-Khanoum, which was dedicated to and housed khanou large statue of Zeus but was built in the Zoroastrian style with huge enclosing walls rather than the open, columned structure found in traditional Greek temples. Numerous artefacts and structures were found, pointing to a high Hellenistic culture, combined with Eastern influences.

Ai-Khanoum may have been the city in which Eucratides was besieged by Demetriusbefore he successfully managed to escape to ultimately conquer India Justin.

The coins found in Ai-Khanoum start with those of Seleucusbut end abruptly with those of Eucratideskhaoum that the city was conquered at the aj of his rule. Heracles, from the Temple of the Niches. The Battle of the Arius. Cambridge University Press, It could even be a Greek depiction of Mithra we can postulate that the Greeks would have anthroporphized any Aryan god or Zoroastrian angel. The Greeks in the East: This suggests important trade contacts with the Mediterranean, through long and expensive land routes.

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This page was last edited on 4 Decemberat Gargoyle from a fountain. An almost life-sized dark green glass phallus with a small owl on the back side and other treasures are said to have been discovered at Ai-Khanoum, possibly khnaoum with khannoum stone with an inscription, which was not recovered. They are Indian-standard square coins xi the representations of Indian deities, which have been variously interpreted as VishnuShivaVasudevaBuddha or Balarama. One of the Bactrian kings, Eucratides I c.

Mineral resources were abundant in the back country towards the Hindu Kushespecially the famous so-called ” rubies ” actually, spinel from Badakshanand gold. It was during this expedition that he stumbled across the remains of an ancient settlement.

The Spatial Organization of Ai Khanoum, a Greek City in Afghanistan

Among the finds are Greek and Indian coins, several inscriptions, sundials, jewelry, a famous silver disk showing the Phrygian goddess Cybelethe Greek god Helios, and an Iranian fire altar.

Takhar ProvinceAfghanistan. Some authors have speculated that the image to the plate’s left is that of the goddess Cybele on a chariot pulled by lions. Eschatology Death Ceremonies Methods. Numerous Seleucid coins were thus reattributed to the Ai-Khanoum mint rather recently, with the conclusion that Ai-Khanoum was probably a larger minting center than even Bactra.

Indeed, almost as soon as Antiochus and his army departed for the west, the Greco-Bactrian Kingdom reestablished its independence.