: Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador: Abuta grandifolia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on internet. Accessed: Angiosperms · Menispermaceae · Abuta. Abuta grandifolia (Mart.) Sandwith This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Abuta (family. Abuta grandifolia is a species of plants with 1 observation.

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Retrieved from ” https: Bark used as Peruvian ayahuasca ingredient, dart poison and headache remedy Yahualicaspi is a 2 – 5 meter high tree, with yellow eatable fruits. Abuta is one of the components of the arrow poison curare of some indigenous tribes of South America especially Abuta imene from Colombia. Menispermaceae genera Neotropic ecozone flora Menispermaceae.

Abuta is usually classified in the tribe Anomospermeae Miers, together with Anomospermum Miers.

This page was last edited on 16 Februaryat A decoction of the leaves mixed with the bark of “piton” is drunk by women before giving birth to speed the recovery of their their strength Lescure et al. The Quichua make a compress of the leaf decoction and use it to treat headache. Roots of Abuta rufescens are used as medicinal in diseases of the urogenital tractbut it is dangerous. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Each tribe in the Amazon Region knows and uses this plant against several troubles such as headaches, stomachache, toothache, colds, sore throat, colic and tuberculosis.


Abuta grandifolia (Mart.) Sandwith, – Overview

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The animals hunted with blowpipes and poisoned arrows or even humans die of the breakdown of the respiratory and heart muscles. It has been chemically studied and shown to contain the alkaloids palmatine and derivatives of berberine. Gtandifolia is a poison, which paralyses the muscles when it gets into the blood circuit. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies.

It is also used to treat snakebite Schultes and Raffauff, You just have to cook the useful parts of the plant and take a drink of it. It is in the tropical rain forest. Flowers in composed panicles.

Palmatine has a strong antipyretic action as well as a depressant effect on the blood pressure and the central nervous system Grenand et al.

This vine whose range includes the Amazon Basin was originally collected in Shushufindi Vickers and Plowman, grandifolka This effect utilises even our modern medicine injecting an extract of Chondrodendron tormentosum to relax the muscles of the patients during surgery.

Saponins and alkaloids from Abuta grandifolia [2012]

Engler, Das Pflanzenreich Abuta is a genus in the flowering plant family Menispermaceaeof about 32 species, native to tropical Central and South America.

The poison curare usually is made of a mixture of several plants, the combination depends on the tribe and the shaman, but it contains frandifolia one of the species mentioned above.

Illustrations A-F from A. It consists in dioecious climbers or rarely erect trees or shrubs Abuta concolor with simple leaves. Views Read Edit View history.


Saponins and alkaloids from Abuta grandifolia

It should be mentioned that Abuta grandifolia belongs to the same family as Chondrodendron tormentosum and Curares toxifera, which are the main components o the poison curare. The family of Menispemaceae is rich in alkaloid, which explains the usefulness of this group of plants.

See List of Abuta species. The genera Grandivolia Miers and Batschia Thunb. Much more important than the fruits is the medicinal usage of the leaves, the bark and the roots.

Abuta grandifolia

Yahualicaspi is a 2 – 5 meter high tree, with yellow eatable fruits. But today this substance is produce artificially. For other uses, see Abuta disambiguation. The dichloromethane extracts of Abuta grandifolia and Minthostachys setosa Labiatae demonstrated high larvicidal activity against Aedes aegyptithe most active being the dichloromethane extract of A. But both species are found more frequently further in jungle than at the foot of the Andes. The Plant-Book 2nd ed. In Ecuador it is used in labor for hemorrhage and pain, and has been employed to treat colic in nervous children; according to Schultes, one treatment lasts for one year Schultes and Raffauff, Among the Siona, a leaf infusion is used as a febrifuge, and also as an ingredient of curare Schultes and Raffauff, Sometimes they add Abuta grandifolia to the mixture but it is not one of the main components.