ABU RAIHAN AL-BIRUNI. ( A.D.). Abu Raihan Mohammad Ibn Ahmad al-Biruni was one of the well-known figures associated with the court of King. celebrating the anniversary of Abu Raihan Al-Biruni, a Muslim scholar often regarded as one of the greatest scientists of the medieval Islamic. Abu Raihan al-Biruni () was an Iranian scholar and polymath from Khwarezm — a region which encompasses modern-day western.

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His underlying concept was that all cultures are at least distant relatives of all other cultures because they are all human constructs. Its known that huge al-bruni trees… The Chronology of Ancient Nations: Although he never entirely focuses just on physics in any of his books, the study of physics is present throughout many of his various works. Even then his comments were apparently restricted to the ak-biruni problem of latitude theory in Ptolemaic astronomy.

Al-Biruni – Wikipedia

He said this in the al-biiruni of demonstrating his total disgust with flattery, even when it was being directed at him. Alchemy and chemistry in medieval Islam. He describes the educated as monotheistic, believing that God is one, eternal, and omnipotent and eschewing all forms of idol worship. Little is known of his early life. Only a minuscule number of his output, 22 titles, has survived, and only about half of that has been published. He is known as al-Ustdadh, ‘the Master’. Ahmed, like modern anthropologists, he engaged in extensive participant observation with a given group of people, learnt their language and studied their primary texts, presenting his findings with objectivity and neutrality using cross-cultural comparisons.

Most scholars, including al-Biruni, were taken to Ghazni, the capital of the Ghaznavid dynasty. According to Akbar S.


A Concise History of Afghanistan in 25 Volumes. The stones adorning the hilt and scabbard of the sword have talismanic significance.


Continue Cancel Send email OK. Even though Islam did influence his study, he did acknowledge the role of the elements. Mathematics in the 10th century Uzbek culture In Uzbekistan: He elaborated upon the fact that the earth was created from the elements and rauhan solely through divine creation.

His scientific method, taken together with that of other Muslim scien- tists, al-niruni as Ibn al-Haithamlaid down the early foundation of modern science. Biruni also came up with different hypotheses about heat and light. Contact our editors with your feedback.


His enthusiasm for knowledge may be judged from his claim that the phrase Allah is Omniscient does not justify ignorance. However, Many have used Al-Biruni’s work to check facts of history in other works that may have been ambiguous or had their validity questioned.

Over time, Al-Biruni won the welcome of Hindu scholars. Discover some of the most interesting and trending topics agu Hindus considered Muslims violent and impure, and did not want to share anything with them. Leonardo da Vinci, Italian: Kathor Khiva[1] KhwarezmAfrighid dynasty modern-day Uzbekistan.

In this book, he has discussed the rotation of the earth and has given correct values of latitudes rwihan longitudes of various places. For example, he raised questions about the formation of mountains and explained the existence there of fossils by positing that Earth was once underwater.

Thank You for Your Contribution! In a celebrated preface to the book of Drugs, Biruni says, “And if it is true that in all nations one likes to adorn oneself by using the language to which one has remained loyal, having become accustomed to using it with friends and companions according to need, I must judge for myself that in my native Khwarezmianscience has as much as chance of becoming perpetuated as a camel has of facing Kaaba.


Little is known of his early life. In the introduction to his book on pharmacology, he wrote about the importance of language in identifying drugs and in that context took an excursion into the relative worth of languages. Thank you for your feedback. Mathematics in medieval Islam. If is associated with an Alamy account you’ll receive an email with instructions on how to reset your password. We know that the Persian era in the valley of the Nile flourished in B.

I shall place before the reader the theories of the Hindus exactly as they are, and I shall mention in connection with them similar theories of the Greeks in order to show the relationship existing between them.

The phenomena of statics were studied by using the dynamic approach so that two trends — statics and dynamics — turned out to be inter-related within a single science, mechanics. Muslim Perceptions of Other Religions: He served more than six different princes, all of whom were known for their bellicose activities and a good number of whom met their ends in violent deaths. Like most scientists of the era, he was a polymath, excelling and writing about various topics from astrology and mathematics to geology and anthropology.

In his Codex MasudicusAl-Biruni theorized the existence of a landmass along the vast ocean between Asia and Europeor what is today known as the Americas.